The loss of tolerance to self-antigens is the unequivocal "red line" of autoimmunity: both development of autoreactive T and B cells and production of polyclonal autoantibodies represent seminal keys to the pathogenesis of protean autoimmune diseases. Most of these autoantibodies are immunoglobulins G (IgG), functionally distinguished in four subclasses named IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4, due to structural differences in the hinge and heavy chain constant regions. Different studies analyzed serum levels of IgG subclasses in the course of different disorders, showing that they might have a pathogenic role by regulating interactions among immunoglobulins, Fc-gamma receptors, and complement. To date, the mechanisms promoting different IgG subclasses distribution during the natural history of most autoimmune diseases remain somewhat unclear. Evidence from the medical literature shows that the serum IgG profile is peculiar for many autoimmune diseases, suggesting that different subclasses could be specific for the underlying driving autoantigens. A better knowledge of IgG subsets may probably help to elucidate their pathological task, but also to define their relevance for diagnostic purposes, patients' personalized management, and prognosis assessment.

Napodano, C., Marino, M., Stefanile, A., Pocino, K., Scatena, R., Gulli, F., Rapaccini, G., Delli Noci, S., Capozio, G., Rigante, D., Basile, U., Immunological role of IgG subclasses, <<IMMUNOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS>>, 2020; 2020 (June): 1-18. [doi:10.1080/08820139.2020.1775643] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/160236]

Immunological role of IgG subclasses

Napodano, C;Stefanile, A;Pocino, K;Scatena, R;Rigante, D;Basile, U
2020

Abstract

The loss of tolerance to self-antigens is the unequivocal "red line" of autoimmunity: both development of autoreactive T and B cells and production of polyclonal autoantibodies represent seminal keys to the pathogenesis of protean autoimmune diseases. Most of these autoantibodies are immunoglobulins G (IgG), functionally distinguished in four subclasses named IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4, due to structural differences in the hinge and heavy chain constant regions. Different studies analyzed serum levels of IgG subclasses in the course of different disorders, showing that they might have a pathogenic role by regulating interactions among immunoglobulins, Fc-gamma receptors, and complement. To date, the mechanisms promoting different IgG subclasses distribution during the natural history of most autoimmune diseases remain somewhat unclear. Evidence from the medical literature shows that the serum IgG profile is peculiar for many autoimmune diseases, suggesting that different subclasses could be specific for the underlying driving autoantigens. A better knowledge of IgG subsets may probably help to elucidate their pathological task, but also to define their relevance for diagnostic purposes, patients' personalized management, and prognosis assessment.
Inglese
Napodano, C., Marino, M., Stefanile, A., Pocino, K., Scatena, R., Gulli, F., Rapaccini, G., Delli Noci, S., Capozio, G., Rigante, D., Basile, U., Immunological role of IgG subclasses, <<IMMUNOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS>>, 2020; 2020 (June): 1-18. [doi:10.1080/08820139.2020.1775643] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/160236]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/160236
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