Chianti is a precious red wine and enjoys a high reputation for its high quality in the world wine market. Despite this, the production region is small and product needs efficient tools to protect its brands and prevent adulterations. In this sense, ICP-MS combined with chemometrics has demonstrated its usefulness in food authentication. In this study, Chianti/Chianti Classico, authentic wines from vineyard of Toscana region (Italy), together samples from 18 different geographical regions, were analyzed with the objective of differentiate them from other Italian wines. Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) identified variables to discriminate wine geographical origin. Rare Earth Elements (REE), major and trace elements all contributed to the discrimination of Chianti samples. General model was not suited to distinguish PDO red wines from samples, with similar chemical fingerprints, collected in some regions. Specific classification models enhanced the capability of discrimination, emphasizing the discriminant role of some elements.

Bronzi, B., Brilli, C., Beone, G. M., Fontanella, M. C., Ballabio, D., Todeschini, R., Consonni, V., Grisoni, F., Parri, F., Buscema, M., Geographical identification of Chianti red wine based on ICP-MS element composition, <<FOOD CHEMISTRY>>, 2020; (315): 1-8. [doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126248] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/149257]

Geographical identification of Chianti red wine based on ICP-MS element composition

Beone, Gian Maria
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Fontanella, Maria Chiara
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2020

Abstract

Chianti is a precious red wine and enjoys a high reputation for its high quality in the world wine market. Despite this, the production region is small and product needs efficient tools to protect its brands and prevent adulterations. In this sense, ICP-MS combined with chemometrics has demonstrated its usefulness in food authentication. In this study, Chianti/Chianti Classico, authentic wines from vineyard of Toscana region (Italy), together samples from 18 different geographical regions, were analyzed with the objective of differentiate them from other Italian wines. Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) identified variables to discriminate wine geographical origin. Rare Earth Elements (REE), major and trace elements all contributed to the discrimination of Chianti samples. General model was not suited to distinguish PDO red wines from samples, with similar chemical fingerprints, collected in some regions. Specific classification models enhanced the capability of discrimination, emphasizing the discriminant role of some elements.
2020
Inglese
Bronzi, B., Brilli, C., Beone, G. M., Fontanella, M. C., Ballabio, D., Todeschini, R., Consonni, V., Grisoni, F., Parri, F., Buscema, M., Geographical identification of Chianti red wine based on ICP-MS element composition, <<FOOD CHEMISTRY>>, 2020; (315): 1-8. [doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126248] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/149257]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/149257
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