Abstract We investigated the effectiveness and safety of a dual therapy (DT) with lamivudine plus dolutegravir versus a single tablet regimen (STR) with abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir. We performed a retrospective analysis in a cohort of virologically suppressed HIV+ patients switching to lamivudine-dolutegravir or abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir. We evaluated the incidence of virological failure and treatment discontinuation, as well as their predictors. Non-parametric tests were applied to assess changes in immunological and metabolic parameters. In all, 616 patients were analyzed: 380 began STR and 236 DT. In the STR group three patients experienced VF; in the DT group seven patients experienced VF. No differences in cause of treatment discontinuation were found. The estimated probability of continuing therapy at 48 weeks were 88.5 % in DT and 90.3% in STR, without a statistically significant difference (Log-rank 0.338). Regarding the metabolic profile, in the STR group there was a reduction in LDL cholesterol levels at week 48 (p=0.008), whereas in the lamivudine group there was a significant reduction in total cholesterol level at week 48 (p=0.044). Regarding the renal function, in both groups we registered a reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), with a median reduction of 8.4 ml/min in the STR group (p<0.001) and 10.2 mL/min in DT (p<0.001). We found a difference in strategy option: in a context of side effect and comorbidities, dual therapy strategy was preferred. Conversely, simplification and compliance improvement more frequently translated into a DTG-STR strategy.

Baldin, G., Ciccullo, A., Rusconi, S., Madeddu, G., Sterrantino, G., Freedman, A., Giacometti, A., Celani, L., Latini, A., Rossetti, B., Cossu, M. V., Giacomelli, A., Lagi, F., Capetti, A., Di Giambenedetto, S., Single tablet regimen with abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir compared with two-drug regimen with lamivudine and dolutegravir as different strategies of simplification from a multicenter HIV cohort study, <<LE INFEZIONI IN MEDICINA>>, 2019; 27 (4): 410-414 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/147525]

Single tablet regimen with abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir compared with two-drug regimen with lamivudine and dolutegravir as different strategies of simplification from a multicenter HIV cohort study

Ciccullo, Arturo;Rossetti, Barbara;Di Giambenedetto, Simona
2019

Abstract

Abstract We investigated the effectiveness and safety of a dual therapy (DT) with lamivudine plus dolutegravir versus a single tablet regimen (STR) with abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir. We performed a retrospective analysis in a cohort of virologically suppressed HIV+ patients switching to lamivudine-dolutegravir or abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir. We evaluated the incidence of virological failure and treatment discontinuation, as well as their predictors. Non-parametric tests were applied to assess changes in immunological and metabolic parameters. In all, 616 patients were analyzed: 380 began STR and 236 DT. In the STR group three patients experienced VF; in the DT group seven patients experienced VF. No differences in cause of treatment discontinuation were found. The estimated probability of continuing therapy at 48 weeks were 88.5 % in DT and 90.3% in STR, without a statistically significant difference (Log-rank 0.338). Regarding the metabolic profile, in the STR group there was a reduction in LDL cholesterol levels at week 48 (p=0.008), whereas in the lamivudine group there was a significant reduction in total cholesterol level at week 48 (p=0.044). Regarding the renal function, in both groups we registered a reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), with a median reduction of 8.4 ml/min in the STR group (p<0.001) and 10.2 mL/min in DT (p<0.001). We found a difference in strategy option: in a context of side effect and comorbidities, dual therapy strategy was preferred. Conversely, simplification and compliance improvement more frequently translated into a DTG-STR strategy.
Inglese
Baldin, G., Ciccullo, A., Rusconi, S., Madeddu, G., Sterrantino, G., Freedman, A., Giacometti, A., Celani, L., Latini, A., Rossetti, B., Cossu, M. V., Giacomelli, A., Lagi, F., Capetti, A., Di Giambenedetto, S., Single tablet regimen with abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir compared with two-drug regimen with lamivudine and dolutegravir as different strategies of simplification from a multicenter HIV cohort study, <<LE INFEZIONI IN MEDICINA>>, 2019; 27 (4): 410-414 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/147525]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/147525
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact