This study examined the utilization patterns of key carbon sources (CS, 24: including key sugars, amino acids and fatty acids) in maize by strains of Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium verticillioides under different water activity (aw, 0.87-0.98 aw) and temperature (20-35 degrees C) values and compared the niche overlap indices (NOI) that estimate the in vitro CS utilization profiles [Wilson, M., Lindow, S.E., 1994. Coexistence among epiphytic bacterial populations mediated through nutritional resource partitioning. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 60, 4468-4477.]. The ability to grow in these key CS in minimal media was studied for 120 h in 12 h steps. The NOI was calculated for inter-species (F. verticillioides-A. flavus) and for intra-species (A. flavus-A. flavus) using CS utilization patterns over the range of interacting environmental conditions. 30 degrees C, over the whole aw range examined, was found to be optimal for utilization of the maximum number of CS by A. flavus. In contrast, for F. verticillioides this was more so at 20 degrees C; 25 degrees C allowed a suboptimal usage of CS for both species. NOIs confirmed the nutritional dominance of A. flavus at 30 degrees C, especially at lower aw levels and that of F. verticillioides at 20 degrees C, mainly at 0.95 aw. In other conditions of aw, based on CS utilization patterns, the data indicated that A. flavus and F. verticillioides occupied different ecological niches. The variability in nutritional sources utilization between A. flavus strains was not related to their ability to produce aflatoxins (AFs). This type of data helps to explain the nutritional dominance of fungal species and strains under different environmental conditions. This could be useful in trying to find appropriate natural biocontrol microorganisms to compete with these mycotoxigenic species.

Giorni, P., Magan, N., Battilani, P., Environmental factors modify carbon nutritional patterns and niche overlap between Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium verticillioides strains from maize, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY>>, 2009; 2009/130 (3): 213-218. [doi:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2009.01.032] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/12325]

Environmental factors modify carbon nutritional patterns and niche overlap between Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium verticillioides strains from maize

Giorni, Paola;Battilani, Paola
2009

Abstract

This study examined the utilization patterns of key carbon sources (CS, 24: including key sugars, amino acids and fatty acids) in maize by strains of Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium verticillioides under different water activity (aw, 0.87-0.98 aw) and temperature (20-35 degrees C) values and compared the niche overlap indices (NOI) that estimate the in vitro CS utilization profiles [Wilson, M., Lindow, S.E., 1994. Coexistence among epiphytic bacterial populations mediated through nutritional resource partitioning. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 60, 4468-4477.]. The ability to grow in these key CS in minimal media was studied for 120 h in 12 h steps. The NOI was calculated for inter-species (F. verticillioides-A. flavus) and for intra-species (A. flavus-A. flavus) using CS utilization patterns over the range of interacting environmental conditions. 30 degrees C, over the whole aw range examined, was found to be optimal for utilization of the maximum number of CS by A. flavus. In contrast, for F. verticillioides this was more so at 20 degrees C; 25 degrees C allowed a suboptimal usage of CS for both species. NOIs confirmed the nutritional dominance of A. flavus at 30 degrees C, especially at lower aw levels and that of F. verticillioides at 20 degrees C, mainly at 0.95 aw. In other conditions of aw, based on CS utilization patterns, the data indicated that A. flavus and F. verticillioides occupied different ecological niches. The variability in nutritional sources utilization between A. flavus strains was not related to their ability to produce aflatoxins (AFs). This type of data helps to explain the nutritional dominance of fungal species and strains under different environmental conditions. This could be useful in trying to find appropriate natural biocontrol microorganisms to compete with these mycotoxigenic species.
Inglese
Giorni, P., Magan, N., Battilani, P., Environmental factors modify carbon nutritional patterns and niche overlap between Aspergillus flavus and Fusarium verticillioides strains from maize, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY>>, 2009; 2009/130 (3): 213-218. [doi:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2009.01.032] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/12325]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/12325
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