Recent studies have demonstrated that the human placenta is a novel source of adult stem cells. We have provided laboratory evidence that transplantation of these human placenta-derived cells in vitro and in vivo stroke models promotes functional recovery. However, the mechanisms underlying these observed therapeutic benefits of human placenta-derived cells unfortunately remain poorly understood. Here, we examined the expression of two discrete types of melatonin receptors and their roles in proliferation and differentiation of cultured human amniotic epithelial cells (AECs). Cultured AECs express melatonin receptor type 1A (MT1), but not melatonin receptor type 1B (MT2). The proliferation of cultured AECs was increased in the melatonin-treated group in a dose-dependent manner, and the viability of cultured AECs could be further enhanced by melatonin. Moreover, the viability of AECs significantly decreased with H(2) O(2) exposure, which was reversed by pretreatment with melatonin, resulting in increased cell survival rate and cell proliferation. Immunocytochemically, administration of melatonin significantly suppressed nestin proliferation, but enhanced TUJ1 differentiation of MT1-expressing AECs. Additional experiments incorporating antibody blocking and synergistic AEC-melatonin treatments further showed AEC therapeutic benefits via MT1 modulation. Finally, analysis of trophic factors revealed cultured AECs secreted VEGF in the presence of melatonin. These data indicate that melatonin by stimulating MT1 increased cell proliferation and survival rate while enhancing neuronal differentiation of cultured AECs, which together with VEGF upregulation, rendered neuroprotection against experimental in vitro models of ischemic and oxidative stress injury.

Kaneko, Y., Hayashi, T., Yu, S., Tajiri, N., Bae, E. C., Solomita, M. A., Chheda, S. H., Weinbren, N. L., Parolini, O., Borlongan, C. V., Human amniotic epithelial cells express melatonin receptor MT1, but not melatonin receptor MT2: a new perspective to neuroprotection, <<JOURNAL OF PINEAL RESEARCH>>, n/a; 50 (3): 272-280. [doi:10.1111/j.1600-079X.2010.00837.x] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/92439]

Human amniotic epithelial cells express melatonin receptor MT1, but not melatonin receptor MT2: a new perspective to neuroprotection

Parolini, Ornella
Penultimo
;
2011

Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated that the human placenta is a novel source of adult stem cells. We have provided laboratory evidence that transplantation of these human placenta-derived cells in vitro and in vivo stroke models promotes functional recovery. However, the mechanisms underlying these observed therapeutic benefits of human placenta-derived cells unfortunately remain poorly understood. Here, we examined the expression of two discrete types of melatonin receptors and their roles in proliferation and differentiation of cultured human amniotic epithelial cells (AECs). Cultured AECs express melatonin receptor type 1A (MT1), but not melatonin receptor type 1B (MT2). The proliferation of cultured AECs was increased in the melatonin-treated group in a dose-dependent manner, and the viability of cultured AECs could be further enhanced by melatonin. Moreover, the viability of AECs significantly decreased with H(2) O(2) exposure, which was reversed by pretreatment with melatonin, resulting in increased cell survival rate and cell proliferation. Immunocytochemically, administration of melatonin significantly suppressed nestin proliferation, but enhanced TUJ1 differentiation of MT1-expressing AECs. Additional experiments incorporating antibody blocking and synergistic AEC-melatonin treatments further showed AEC therapeutic benefits via MT1 modulation. Finally, analysis of trophic factors revealed cultured AECs secreted VEGF in the presence of melatonin. These data indicate that melatonin by stimulating MT1 increased cell proliferation and survival rate while enhancing neuronal differentiation of cultured AECs, which together with VEGF upregulation, rendered neuroprotection against experimental in vitro models of ischemic and oxidative stress injury.
Inglese
Kaneko, Y., Hayashi, T., Yu, S., Tajiri, N., Bae, E. C., Solomita, M. A., Chheda, S. H., Weinbren, N. L., Parolini, O., Borlongan, C. V., Human amniotic epithelial cells express melatonin receptor MT1, but not melatonin receptor MT2: a new perspective to neuroprotection, <<JOURNAL OF PINEAL RESEARCH>>, n/a; 50 (3): 272-280. [doi:10.1111/j.1600-079X.2010.00837.x] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/92439]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/92439
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