Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) isolated from human term placental tissues possess unique characteristics, including their peculiar immunomodulatory properties and their multilineage differentiation potential. The osteogenic differentiation capacity of placental MSC has been widely disputed, and continues to be an issue of debate. This review will briefly discuss the different MSC populations which can be obtained from different regions of human term placenta, along with their unique properties, focusing specifically on their osteogenic differentiation potential. We will present the strategies used to enhance osteogenic differentiation potential in vitro, such as through the selection of subpopulations more prone to differentiate, the modification of the components of osteo-inductive medium, and even mechanical stimulation. Accordingly, the applications of three-dimensional environments in vitro and in vivo, such as non-synthetic, polymer-based, and ceramic scaffolds, will also be discussed, along with results obtained from pre-clinical studies of placental MSC for the regeneration of bone defects and treatment of bone-related diseases

Kmiecik, G., Spoldi, V., Silini, A., Parolini, O., Current View on Osteogenic Differentiation Potential of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Derived from Placental Tissues, <<STEM CELL REVIEWS>>, 2015; 11 (4): 570-585. [doi:10.1007/s12015-014-9569-1] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/92245]

Current View on Osteogenic Differentiation Potential of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Derived from Placental Tissues

Parolini, Ornella
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) isolated from human term placental tissues possess unique characteristics, including their peculiar immunomodulatory properties and their multilineage differentiation potential. The osteogenic differentiation capacity of placental MSC has been widely disputed, and continues to be an issue of debate. This review will briefly discuss the different MSC populations which can be obtained from different regions of human term placenta, along with their unique properties, focusing specifically on their osteogenic differentiation potential. We will present the strategies used to enhance osteogenic differentiation potential in vitro, such as through the selection of subpopulations more prone to differentiate, the modification of the components of osteo-inductive medium, and even mechanical stimulation. Accordingly, the applications of three-dimensional environments in vitro and in vivo, such as non-synthetic, polymer-based, and ceramic scaffolds, will also be discussed, along with results obtained from pre-clinical studies of placental MSC for the regeneration of bone defects and treatment of bone-related diseases
Inglese
Kmiecik, G., Spoldi, V., Silini, A., Parolini, O., Current View on Osteogenic Differentiation Potential of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Derived from Placental Tissues, <<STEM CELL REVIEWS>>, 2015; 11 (4): 570-585. [doi:10.1007/s12015-014-9569-1] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/92245]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/92245
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