Testing of new rootstocks for drought tolerance targets traditionally rain-fed districts where supplemental irrigation is more frequently needed due to the pressures of global warming. A seasonal evaluation of whole-canopy gas exchange, water-use efficiency (WUEc), yield components and compositional traits of Vitis vinifera cv. Sangiovese grafted to the new drought-tolerant genotype M4 against the commercial SO4 stock is reported. The experiment was conducted in 2015 on twelve four-year-old, fruiting potted Sangiovese grapevines grafted on M4 and SO4 stocks and assigned to SO4-WW (well-watered), SO4-WS (water-stressed), M4-WW and M4-WS treatments. Water deficit was imposed pre-veraison by reducing water supply to 50% of whole-canopy demand derived from concurrent measurements of transpiration in WW and maintained until three weeks after veraison prior to full rewatering. While WUEc was unchanged in WS-SO4 as compared to WW-SO4, WUEc in WS-M4 increased by 22% vs. WW-M4 over the whole water deficit period and such gain was partially maintained upon rewatering. Higher WUEc in WS-M4 resulted from an ability to maintain canopy photosynthesis similar to WS-SO4 at a reduced water use. Although yield per vine was similarly reduced in the two WS treatments (about 1 kg less than WW), overall grape composition was improved in WS-M4 and worsened in WS-SO4 when compared to the WW controls. Total soluble solids (°Brix) rose by 11% in WS-M4 vs. the respective control, whereas in WS-S04 there was a slight decrease (−0.6 Brix). Most notably, anthocyanins accumulation was largely limited in vines grafted on SO4 (−45% vs. WW-SO4 when given on a concentration basis), while in M4-grafted plants berry pigmentation slightly improved vs. WW (+12.5%). Hypothesis is made that grafting onto different stocks can trigger differential gene regulation under water stress and high temperatures leading to different sensitivity in synthesis and/or degradation of already formed anthocyanins.

Merli, M. C., Magnanini, E., Gatti, M., Pirez, F. J., Buesa Pueyo, I., Intrigliolo, D. S., Poni, S., Water stress improves whole-canopy water use efficiency and berry composition of cv. Sangiovese (Vitis vinifera L.) grapevines grafted on the new drought-tolerant rootstock M4, <<AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT>>, 2016; 169 (maggio): 106-114. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2016.02.025] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/91927]

Water stress improves whole-canopy water use efficiency and berry composition of cv. Sangiovese (Vitis vinifera L.) grapevines grafted on the new drought-tolerant rootstock M4

Merli, Maria Clara
Primo
;
Magnanini, Eugenio
Secondo
;
Gatti, Matteo;Pirez, Facundo Jose;Poni, Stefano
Ultimo
2016

Abstract

Testing of new rootstocks for drought tolerance targets traditionally rain-fed districts where supplemental irrigation is more frequently needed due to the pressures of global warming. A seasonal evaluation of whole-canopy gas exchange, water-use efficiency (WUEc), yield components and compositional traits of Vitis vinifera cv. Sangiovese grafted to the new drought-tolerant genotype M4 against the commercial SO4 stock is reported. The experiment was conducted in 2015 on twelve four-year-old, fruiting potted Sangiovese grapevines grafted on M4 and SO4 stocks and assigned to SO4-WW (well-watered), SO4-WS (water-stressed), M4-WW and M4-WS treatments. Water deficit was imposed pre-veraison by reducing water supply to 50% of whole-canopy demand derived from concurrent measurements of transpiration in WW and maintained until three weeks after veraison prior to full rewatering. While WUEc was unchanged in WS-SO4 as compared to WW-SO4, WUEc in WS-M4 increased by 22% vs. WW-M4 over the whole water deficit period and such gain was partially maintained upon rewatering. Higher WUEc in WS-M4 resulted from an ability to maintain canopy photosynthesis similar to WS-SO4 at a reduced water use. Although yield per vine was similarly reduced in the two WS treatments (about 1 kg less than WW), overall grape composition was improved in WS-M4 and worsened in WS-SO4 when compared to the WW controls. Total soluble solids (°Brix) rose by 11% in WS-M4 vs. the respective control, whereas in WS-S04 there was a slight decrease (−0.6 Brix). Most notably, anthocyanins accumulation was largely limited in vines grafted on SO4 (−45% vs. WW-SO4 when given on a concentration basis), while in M4-grafted plants berry pigmentation slightly improved vs. WW (+12.5%). Hypothesis is made that grafting onto different stocks can trigger differential gene regulation under water stress and high temperatures leading to different sensitivity in synthesis and/or degradation of already formed anthocyanins.
Inglese
Merli, M. C., Magnanini, E., Gatti, M., Pirez, F. J., Buesa Pueyo, I., Intrigliolo, D. S., Poni, S., Water stress improves whole-canopy water use efficiency and berry composition of cv. Sangiovese (Vitis vinifera L.) grapevines grafted on the new drought-tolerant rootstock M4, <>, 2016; 169 (maggio): 106-114. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2016.02.025] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/91927]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/91927
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