This paper aims at detecting the most recurrent wastes of the New Product Development process (NPD) in complex projects, in order to identify improvement priorities for Lean NPD programs. Complex projects show a high level of structural complexity, a remarkable number of interdependent elements and a high uncertainty of results and means. Astrophysical projects are by definition “complex”, spread over many years and mostly based on in-progress technologies having a low level of readiness in the early phases of the development process: all these uncertainties can determine non negligible delays and extra-costs. To shed light upon these inefficiencies, the application of Lean NPD has been called for. This paper presents a study carried out within INAF (the Italian Institute of Astrophysics), aimed at mapping those practices that INAF workers feel as likely causes of recurrent inefficiencies. This study started from 14 in-depth interviews with opinion-leaders at INAF, aimed at getting a wide picture of the main inefficiencies at INAF. Then, building on the most recurring points raised during the interviews, a questionnaire was designed to collect opinions among INAF’s workers. A total number of 159 usable questionnaires were collected. The survey shows that INAF’s inefficiencies are consistent with the literature on Lean NPD. It also shows that inefficiencies peculiar to tasks typical of research activities (as over-processing and over-engineering) are perceived less critical than others related to administrative processes and HR management. Conclusions on the expected ease and effectiveness of application of Lean NPD programs in complex projects are drawn.

Belvedere, V., Carrone, G., Cuttaia, F., Rossi, M., Stringhetti, L., Mapping wastes in complex projects for lean new product development: evidence from the astrophysical sector, Paper, in XIX International Working Seminar on Production Economics, (Innsbruck, Austria, 22-26 February 2016), Elsevier, Amsterdam 2016: 1-10 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/88023]

Mapping wastes in complex projects for lean new product development: evidence from the astrophysical sector

Belvedere, Valeria
Primo
;
2016

Abstract

This paper aims at detecting the most recurrent wastes of the New Product Development process (NPD) in complex projects, in order to identify improvement priorities for Lean NPD programs. Complex projects show a high level of structural complexity, a remarkable number of interdependent elements and a high uncertainty of results and means. Astrophysical projects are by definition “complex”, spread over many years and mostly based on in-progress technologies having a low level of readiness in the early phases of the development process: all these uncertainties can determine non negligible delays and extra-costs. To shed light upon these inefficiencies, the application of Lean NPD has been called for. This paper presents a study carried out within INAF (the Italian Institute of Astrophysics), aimed at mapping those practices that INAF workers feel as likely causes of recurrent inefficiencies. This study started from 14 in-depth interviews with opinion-leaders at INAF, aimed at getting a wide picture of the main inefficiencies at INAF. Then, building on the most recurring points raised during the interviews, a questionnaire was designed to collect opinions among INAF’s workers. A total number of 159 usable questionnaires were collected. The survey shows that INAF’s inefficiencies are consistent with the literature on Lean NPD. It also shows that inefficiencies peculiar to tasks typical of research activities (as over-processing and over-engineering) are perceived less critical than others related to administrative processes and HR management. Conclusions on the expected ease and effectiveness of application of Lean NPD programs in complex projects are drawn.
Inglese
XIX International Working Seminar on Production Economics
XIX International Working Seminar on Production Economics
Innsbruck, Austria
Paper
22-feb-2016
26-feb-2016
Elsevier
Belvedere, V., Carrone, G., Cuttaia, F., Rossi, M., Stringhetti, L., Mapping wastes in complex projects for lean new product development: evidence from the astrophysical sector, Paper, in XIX International Working Seminar on Production Economics, (Innsbruck, Austria, 22-26 February 2016), Elsevier, Amsterdam 2016: 1-10 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/88023]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/88023
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