PURPOSE: To prospectively monitor the response in patients with locally advanced nonmucinous rectal cancer after chemoradiotherapy (CRT) using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The histopathologic finding was the reference standard. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The institutional review board approved the present study. A total of 62 patients (43 men and 19 women; mean age, 64 years; range, 28-83) provided informed consent. T(2)- and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging scans (b value, 0 and 1,000 mm(2)/s) were acquired before, during (mean 12 days), and 6-8 weeks after CRT. We compared the median apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) between responders and nonresponders and examined the associations with the Mandard tumor regression grade (TRG). The postoperative nodal status (ypN) was evaluated. The Mann-Whitney/Wilcoxon two-sample test was used to evaluate the relationships among the pretherapy ADCs, extramural vascular invasion, early percentage of increases in ADCs, and preoperative ADCs. RESULTS: Low pretreatment ADCs (<1.0 × 10(-3)mm(2)/s) were correlated with TRG 4 scores (p = .0011) and associated to extramural vascular invasion with ypN+ (85.7% positive predictive value for ypN+). During treatment, the mean percentage of increase in tumor ADC was significantly greater in the responders than in the nonresponders (p < .0001) and a >23% ADC increase had a 96.3% negative predictive value for TRG 4. In 9 of 16 complete responders, CRT-related tumor downsizing prevented ADC evaluations. The preoperative ADCs were significantly different (p = .0012) between the patients with and without downstaging (preoperative ADC ≥1.4 × 10(-3)mm(2)/s showed a positive and negative predictive value of 78.9% and 61.8%, respectively, for response assessment). The TRG 1 and TRG 2-4 groups were not significantly different. CONCLUSION: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging seems to be a promising tool for monitoring the response to CRT.

Barbaro, B., Vitale, R., Valentini, V., Illuminati, S., Vecchio, F. M., Rizzo, G., Gambacorta, M. A., Coco, C., Crucitti, A., Persiani, R., Sofo, L., Bonomo, L., Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Monitoring Rectal Cancer Response to Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy., <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS>>, 2011; 83 (Febbraio): 594-599 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/8611]

Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Monitoring Rectal Cancer Response to Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy.

Barbaro, Brunella;Vitale, Renata;Valentini, Vincenzo;Illuminati, Sonia;Vecchio, Fabio Maria;Rizzo, Giulia;Gambacorta, Maria Antonietta;Coco, Claudio;Crucitti, Antonio;Persiani, Roberto;Sofo, Luigi;Bonomo, Lorenzo
2011

Abstract

PURPOSE: To prospectively monitor the response in patients with locally advanced nonmucinous rectal cancer after chemoradiotherapy (CRT) using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The histopathologic finding was the reference standard. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The institutional review board approved the present study. A total of 62 patients (43 men and 19 women; mean age, 64 years; range, 28-83) provided informed consent. T(2)- and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging scans (b value, 0 and 1,000 mm(2)/s) were acquired before, during (mean 12 days), and 6-8 weeks after CRT. We compared the median apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) between responders and nonresponders and examined the associations with the Mandard tumor regression grade (TRG). The postoperative nodal status (ypN) was evaluated. The Mann-Whitney/Wilcoxon two-sample test was used to evaluate the relationships among the pretherapy ADCs, extramural vascular invasion, early percentage of increases in ADCs, and preoperative ADCs. RESULTS: Low pretreatment ADCs (<1.0 × 10(-3)mm(2)/s) were correlated with TRG 4 scores (p = .0011) and associated to extramural vascular invasion with ypN+ (85.7% positive predictive value for ypN+). During treatment, the mean percentage of increase in tumor ADC was significantly greater in the responders than in the nonresponders (p < .0001) and a >23% ADC increase had a 96.3% negative predictive value for TRG 4. In 9 of 16 complete responders, CRT-related tumor downsizing prevented ADC evaluations. The preoperative ADCs were significantly different (p = .0012) between the patients with and without downstaging (preoperative ADC ≥1.4 × 10(-3)mm(2)/s showed a positive and negative predictive value of 78.9% and 61.8%, respectively, for response assessment). The TRG 1 and TRG 2-4 groups were not significantly different. CONCLUSION: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging seems to be a promising tool for monitoring the response to CRT.
Inglese
Barbaro, B., Vitale, R., Valentini, V., Illuminati, S., Vecchio, F. M., Rizzo, G., Gambacorta, M. A., Coco, C., Crucitti, A., Persiani, R., Sofo, L., Bonomo, L., Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Monitoring Rectal Cancer Response to Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy., <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION ONCOLOGY BIOLOGY PHYSICS>>, 2011; 83 (Febbraio): 594-599 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/8611]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/8611
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 35
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact