PURPOSE: Perineal wounds after complete proctectomy are at risk for failure, with dramatic consequences on patients' health and quality of life. This study is aimed at identifying risk factors for wound complications in patients undergoing primary closure of the perineal defect after total proctectomy. METHODS: Data from 284 patients undergoing total proctectomy from 2002 to 2012 either at the University of Chicago Medical Center or the Catholic University of Rome Hospital were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Overall, the perineal wound complication rate was 21.8%. Successful conservative management was accomplished in 45.2% of cases. Complications occurred significantly more often in patients with a higher Charlson score index, with the diagnosis of rectal cancer, who had received preoperative radiation and who had a surgical drain placed at the time of initial surgery. Neoadjuvant radiation was the only significant risk factor at multivariate analysis (OR 4.40). In the rectal cancer subgroup, younger age, female gender, and preoperative radiation were predictors of wound complications. Based on that, a 3-point score (radiation, age, and gender (RAG)) was developed. Patients with a score of 3 had a 50% risk of developing a perineal wound complication. CONCLUSIONS: Perineal wound complications are a common and burdensome problem after total proctectomy. Preoperative radiation is the single most significant and controllable risk factor predicting perineal wound failure. In the presence of multiple, non-modifiable risk factors, alternative approaches to primary closure should be considered in managing complex perineal defects.

Bertucci Zoccali, M., Biondi, A., Krane, M., Kueberuwa, E., Rizzo, G., Persiani, R., Coco, C., Hurst, R. D., D'ugo, D., Fichera, A., Risk factors for wound complications in patients undergoing primary closure of the perineal defect after total proctectomy, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COLORECTAL DISEASE>>, 2015; 30 (1): 87-95-95. [doi:10.1007/s00384-014-2062-0] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/78420]

Risk factors for wound complications in patients undergoing primary closure of the perineal defect after total proctectomy

Biondi, Alberto
Secondo
;
Rizzo, Gianluca;Persiani, Roberto;Coco, Claudio;D'Ugo, Domenico
Penultimo
;
2015

Abstract

PURPOSE: Perineal wounds after complete proctectomy are at risk for failure, with dramatic consequences on patients' health and quality of life. This study is aimed at identifying risk factors for wound complications in patients undergoing primary closure of the perineal defect after total proctectomy. METHODS: Data from 284 patients undergoing total proctectomy from 2002 to 2012 either at the University of Chicago Medical Center or the Catholic University of Rome Hospital were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Overall, the perineal wound complication rate was 21.8%. Successful conservative management was accomplished in 45.2% of cases. Complications occurred significantly more often in patients with a higher Charlson score index, with the diagnosis of rectal cancer, who had received preoperative radiation and who had a surgical drain placed at the time of initial surgery. Neoadjuvant radiation was the only significant risk factor at multivariate analysis (OR 4.40). In the rectal cancer subgroup, younger age, female gender, and preoperative radiation were predictors of wound complications. Based on that, a 3-point score (radiation, age, and gender (RAG)) was developed. Patients with a score of 3 had a 50% risk of developing a perineal wound complication. CONCLUSIONS: Perineal wound complications are a common and burdensome problem after total proctectomy. Preoperative radiation is the single most significant and controllable risk factor predicting perineal wound failure. In the presence of multiple, non-modifiable risk factors, alternative approaches to primary closure should be considered in managing complex perineal defects.
Inglese
Bertucci Zoccali, M., Biondi, A., Krane, M., Kueberuwa, E., Rizzo, G., Persiani, R., Coco, C., Hurst, R. D., D'ugo, D., Fichera, A., Risk factors for wound complications in patients undergoing primary closure of the perineal defect after total proctectomy, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COLORECTAL DISEASE>>, 2015; 30 (1): 87-95-95. [doi:10.1007/s00384-014-2062-0] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/78420]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/78420
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