Introduction. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) people su er from severe physical impairments, which o en elicit signi cant psychological distress and impact their quality of life. is meta-analysis aimed to assess evidence from the scienti c literature on the e ects of relaxation techniques. Methods. We investigated 9 databases to select 25 RCTs. Studies included both inpatients and outpatients with COPD. Both respiratory and psychological outcomes were considered. Results. Relaxation techniques showed a little positive e ect on the value of the percentage of predicted FEV1 ( = 0.20; 95% Cl: 0.40–−0.01) as well as a slight e ect on levels of both the anxiety ( = 0.26; 95% Cl: 0.42–0.10) and depression ( = 0.33; 95% Cl: 0.53–0.13). e higher e ect size was found in the quality of life value ( = 0.38; 95% Cl: 0.51–0.24). e assessed quality of the studies, based on the PEDro Scale, was generally medium/high. Conclusion. Relaxation training can have a moderate impact on both psychological well-being and respiratory function, resulting in noticeable improvements in both. Although higher quality research is required, our results sustain the importance of relaxation techniques as a tool to manage COPD.

Volpato, E., Banfi, P., Rogers, S., Pagnini, F., Relaxation Techniques for People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review and a Meta-Analysis, <<EVIDENCE-BASED COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE>>, 2015; 2015 (N/A): 1-22. [doi:10.1155/2015/628365] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/74775]

Relaxation Techniques for People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review and a Meta-Analysis

Volpato, Eleonora
Primo
;
Pagnini, Francesco
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

Introduction. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) people su er from severe physical impairments, which o en elicit signi cant psychological distress and impact their quality of life. is meta-analysis aimed to assess evidence from the scienti c literature on the e ects of relaxation techniques. Methods. We investigated 9 databases to select 25 RCTs. Studies included both inpatients and outpatients with COPD. Both respiratory and psychological outcomes were considered. Results. Relaxation techniques showed a little positive e ect on the value of the percentage of predicted FEV1 ( = 0.20; 95% Cl: 0.40–−0.01) as well as a slight e ect on levels of both the anxiety ( = 0.26; 95% Cl: 0.42–0.10) and depression ( = 0.33; 95% Cl: 0.53–0.13). e higher e ect size was found in the quality of life value ( = 0.38; 95% Cl: 0.51–0.24). e assessed quality of the studies, based on the PEDro Scale, was generally medium/high. Conclusion. Relaxation training can have a moderate impact on both psychological well-being and respiratory function, resulting in noticeable improvements in both. Although higher quality research is required, our results sustain the importance of relaxation techniques as a tool to manage COPD.
Inglese
Volpato, E., Banfi, P., Rogers, S., Pagnini, F., Relaxation Techniques for People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Systematic Review and a Meta-Analysis, <>, 2015; 2015 (N/A): 1-22. [doi:10.1155/2015/628365] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/74775]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/74775
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