In June 1855 the catholic young priest Giulio Tarra became the first director of the Pious Institute for poor country deaf mute of Milan. After a period of coexistence between the oral and the sign method, in 1870 Tarra established the first one as the only system to be used in the in Pious Institute. He was firmly convinced that teaching «words with words» could stimulate the social inclusion of deaf mute. At the famous International Congress on Education of the Deaf (Milan, 1880) Tarra strongly defended the superiority of the spoken word over the signed word. His speeches were appreciated by the European institutors present at the Congress, who declared that oral method had to be absolutely preferred. Even if the Congress’ deliberations were not fully applied by all the Italian deaf mutes institutions, at least until the end of the nineteenth century, Tarra’s contribution was crucial. The paper, summarizing the results of an archival and bibliographical research, highlights his work: from one side, the priest’s struggle in favor of the oral method permitted a major attention towards the deaf mute social integration; but on the other side, his opposition to the sign language intensified the distance between the defenders of the two methods, creating a permanent caesura in the Italian deaf mute culture.

Debe', A., A cultural change in the Italian deaf mute education: the oral method promoted by don Giulio Tarra (1832-1889), Abstract de <<Culture and education. ISCHE 37>>, (Istanbul, 24-27 June 2015 ), Universida Instanbul, Istanbul 2015: 282-283 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/74554]

A cultural change in the Italian deaf mute education: the oral method promoted by don Giulio Tarra (1832-1889)

Debe', Anna
Primo
2015

Abstract

In June 1855 the catholic young priest Giulio Tarra became the first director of the Pious Institute for poor country deaf mute of Milan. After a period of coexistence between the oral and the sign method, in 1870 Tarra established the first one as the only system to be used in the in Pious Institute. He was firmly convinced that teaching «words with words» could stimulate the social inclusion of deaf mute. At the famous International Congress on Education of the Deaf (Milan, 1880) Tarra strongly defended the superiority of the spoken word over the signed word. His speeches were appreciated by the European institutors present at the Congress, who declared that oral method had to be absolutely preferred. Even if the Congress’ deliberations were not fully applied by all the Italian deaf mutes institutions, at least until the end of the nineteenth century, Tarra’s contribution was crucial. The paper, summarizing the results of an archival and bibliographical research, highlights his work: from one side, the priest’s struggle in favor of the oral method permitted a major attention towards the deaf mute social integration; but on the other side, his opposition to the sign language intensified the distance between the defenders of the two methods, creating a permanent caesura in the Italian deaf mute culture.
Inglese
Culture and education. ISCHE 37. Abstracts Books
Culture and education. ISCHE 37
Istanbul
24-giu-2015
27-giu-2015
978-605-4673-57-5
Universida Instanbul
Debe', A., A cultural change in the Italian deaf mute education: the oral method promoted by don Giulio Tarra (1832-1889), Abstract de <<Culture and education. ISCHE 37>>, (Istanbul, 24-27 June 2015 ), Universida Instanbul, Istanbul 2015: 282-283 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/74554]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/74554
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