Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the single most important preventable medical cause of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and driving accidents. OSA may also adversely affect work through a decrease in productivity, and an increase in the injury rate. Nevertheless, so far, no systematic review and meta-analysis of the relationship between OSA and work accidents has been performed. Method: The PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched. Out of an initial list of 1,099 papers, 10 studies (12,553 participants) were eligible for our review, and 7 of them were included in the meta-analysis. The overall effects were measured by odds ratios (OR) and 95% CIs. An assessment was made of the methodological quality of the studies. Moderator analysis and funnel plot analysis were used to explore the sources of between-study heterogeneity. Results: Compared to controls, the odds of work accident was found to be nearly double in workers with OSA (OR = 2.18; 95% CI = 1.53-3.10). Occupational driving was associated with a higher effect size. Conclusions: OSA is an underdiagnosed non-occupational disease that has a strong adverse impact on work accidents. The nearly two-fold increased odds of work accidents in subjects with OSA calls for workplace screening in selected safety-sensitive occupations.

Garbarino, S., Guglielmi, O., Sanna, A., Mancardi, G., Magnavita, N., Risk of Occupational Accidents in Workers With Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, <<SLEEP>>, 2016; (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:pii: sp-00566-15] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/72792]

Risk of Occupational Accidents in Workers With Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Magnavita, Nicola
2016

Abstract

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the single most important preventable medical cause of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and driving accidents. OSA may also adversely affect work through a decrease in productivity, and an increase in the injury rate. Nevertheless, so far, no systematic review and meta-analysis of the relationship between OSA and work accidents has been performed. Method: The PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched. Out of an initial list of 1,099 papers, 10 studies (12,553 participants) were eligible for our review, and 7 of them were included in the meta-analysis. The overall effects were measured by odds ratios (OR) and 95% CIs. An assessment was made of the methodological quality of the studies. Moderator analysis and funnel plot analysis were used to explore the sources of between-study heterogeneity. Results: Compared to controls, the odds of work accident was found to be nearly double in workers with OSA (OR = 2.18; 95% CI = 1.53-3.10). Occupational driving was associated with a higher effect size. Conclusions: OSA is an underdiagnosed non-occupational disease that has a strong adverse impact on work accidents. The nearly two-fold increased odds of work accidents in subjects with OSA calls for workplace screening in selected safety-sensitive occupations.
Inglese
Garbarino, S., Guglielmi, O., Sanna, A., Mancardi, G., Magnavita, N., Risk of Occupational Accidents in Workers With Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, <<SLEEP>>, 2016; (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:pii: sp-00566-15] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/72792]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/72792
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