Genetic predictors of beta-lactam (BL) allergy are mostly related to Immunoglobulin E (IgE) synthesis and atopy. Despite this context, little attention has been devoted to genes of IgE/FcɛRI pathway, such as galectin-3, a β-galactoside-binding lectin, which binds to IgE. We evaluated the association of LGALS3 polymorphisms with BL allergy in 395 Spanish and 198 Italian cases, compared with 310- and 339-matched controls, respectively. The rs11125 predicted BL allergy with an odds ratio of 4.0 in Spanish population (P<0.0001). This association was replicated with an odds ratio of 5.1 in Italian population (P<0.0001); rs11125 predicted also increased serum level of total IgE in Spanish controls. These data are consistent with the predicted deleterious influence of Gln>His substitution produced by rs11125 on galactose-binding activity of galectin-3. In conclusion, LGALS3 is the strongest genetic predictor of BL allergy reported so far. This association reflects the influence of genes of IgE/FcɛRI pathway in this pathology.

Cornejo García, J., Romano, A., Guéant Rodríguez, R., Oussalah, A., Blanca López, N., Gaeta, F., Tramoy, D., Josse, T., Doña, I., Torres, M., Canto, G., Blanca, M., Guéant, J., A non-synonymous polymorphism in galectin-3 lectin domain is associated with allergic reactions to beta-lactam antibiotics, <<PHARMACOGENOMICS JOURNAL>>, 2016; 16 (1): 79-82. [doi:10.1038/tpj.2015.24] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/72436]

A non-synonymous polymorphism in galectin-3 lectin domain is associated with allergic reactions to beta-lactam antibiotics

Romano, Antonino;
2016

Abstract

Genetic predictors of beta-lactam (BL) allergy are mostly related to Immunoglobulin E (IgE) synthesis and atopy. Despite this context, little attention has been devoted to genes of IgE/FcɛRI pathway, such as galectin-3, a β-galactoside-binding lectin, which binds to IgE. We evaluated the association of LGALS3 polymorphisms with BL allergy in 395 Spanish and 198 Italian cases, compared with 310- and 339-matched controls, respectively. The rs11125 predicted BL allergy with an odds ratio of 4.0 in Spanish population (P<0.0001). This association was replicated with an odds ratio of 5.1 in Italian population (P<0.0001); rs11125 predicted also increased serum level of total IgE in Spanish controls. These data are consistent with the predicted deleterious influence of Gln>His substitution produced by rs11125 on galactose-binding activity of galectin-3. In conclusion, LGALS3 is the strongest genetic predictor of BL allergy reported so far. This association reflects the influence of genes of IgE/FcɛRI pathway in this pathology.
Inglese
Cornejo García, J., Romano, A., Guéant Rodríguez, R., Oussalah, A., Blanca López, N., Gaeta, F., Tramoy, D., Josse, T., Doña, I., Torres, M., Canto, G., Blanca, M., Guéant, J., A non-synonymous polymorphism in galectin-3 lectin domain is associated with allergic reactions to beta-lactam antibiotics, <<PHARMACOGENOMICS JOURNAL>>, 2016; 16 (1): 79-82. [doi:10.1038/tpj.2015.24] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/72436]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/72436
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