The prolongation of skeletal muscle strength in aging and neuromuscular disease has been the objective of numerous studies employing a variety of approaches. It is generally accepted that cumulative failure to repair damage related to an overall decrease in anabolic processes is a primary cause of functional impairment in muscle. The functional performance of skeletal muscle tissues declines during post- natal life and it is compromised in different diseases, due to an alteration in muscle fiber composition and an overall decrease in muscle integrity as fibrotic invasions replace functional contractile tissue. Characteristics of skeletal muscle aging and diseases include a conspicuous reduction in myofiber plasticity (due to the progressive loss of muscle mass and in particular of the most powerful fast fibers), alteration in muscle-specific transcriptional mechanisms, and muscle atrophy. An early decrease in protein synthetic rates is followed by a later increase in protein degradation, to affect biochemical, physiological, and morphological parameters of muscle fibers during the aging process. Alterations in regenerative pathways also compromise the functionality of muscle tissues. In this review we will give an overview of the work on molecular and cellular mechanisms of aging and sarcopenia and the effects of electrical stimulation in seniors.

Barberi, L., Scicchitano, B. M., Musaro', A., Molecular and cellular mechanisms of muscle aging and sarcopenia and effects of electrical stimulation in seniors, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSLATIONAL MYOLOGY>>, 2015; 2015 (25): 231-236. [doi:10.4081/ejtm.2015.5227] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/72010]

Molecular and cellular mechanisms of muscle aging and sarcopenia and effects of electrical stimulation in seniors

Scicchitano, Bianca Maria;
2015

Abstract

The prolongation of skeletal muscle strength in aging and neuromuscular disease has been the objective of numerous studies employing a variety of approaches. It is generally accepted that cumulative failure to repair damage related to an overall decrease in anabolic processes is a primary cause of functional impairment in muscle. The functional performance of skeletal muscle tissues declines during post- natal life and it is compromised in different diseases, due to an alteration in muscle fiber composition and an overall decrease in muscle integrity as fibrotic invasions replace functional contractile tissue. Characteristics of skeletal muscle aging and diseases include a conspicuous reduction in myofiber plasticity (due to the progressive loss of muscle mass and in particular of the most powerful fast fibers), alteration in muscle-specific transcriptional mechanisms, and muscle atrophy. An early decrease in protein synthetic rates is followed by a later increase in protein degradation, to affect biochemical, physiological, and morphological parameters of muscle fibers during the aging process. Alterations in regenerative pathways also compromise the functionality of muscle tissues. In this review we will give an overview of the work on molecular and cellular mechanisms of aging and sarcopenia and the effects of electrical stimulation in seniors.
Inglese
Barberi, L., Scicchitano, B. M., Musaro', A., Molecular and cellular mechanisms of muscle aging and sarcopenia and effects of electrical stimulation in seniors, <>, 2015; 2015 (25): 231-236. [doi:10.4081/ejtm.2015.5227] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/72010]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/72010
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