In the last 20 years, the rate of exposure to marijuana has increased dramatically, even in the pediatric population. Effects of intoxication are variable, more severe neurological symptoms can be observed following ingestion, thus hospital or intensive care unit admission is often required. Usually cannabinoids intoxicated patients are treated with administration of benzodiazepines or opioids, accepting the related risk of intubation and mechanical ventilation. Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α2-adrenergic receptor agonist, with no effect on the respiratory drive and pattern and produces a good level of sedation, allowing to avoid the administration of other sedatives. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of dexmedetomidine use to support a cannabis intoxicated patient.

Cipriani, F., Mancino, A., Pulitano', S. M. M., Piastra, M., Conti, G., A cannabinoid-intoxicated child treated with dexmedetomidine: a case report, <<JOURNAL OF MEDICAL CASE REPORTS>>, 2015; 9 (Ottobre): 152-152. [doi:10.1186/s13256-015-0636-2] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/71632]

A cannabinoid-intoxicated child treated with dexmedetomidine: a case report

A; Pulitano';Silvia Maria Modesta; Piastra;M; Conti
2015

Abstract

In the last 20 years, the rate of exposure to marijuana has increased dramatically, even in the pediatric population. Effects of intoxication are variable, more severe neurological symptoms can be observed following ingestion, thus hospital or intensive care unit admission is often required. Usually cannabinoids intoxicated patients are treated with administration of benzodiazepines or opioids, accepting the related risk of intubation and mechanical ventilation. Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α2-adrenergic receptor agonist, with no effect on the respiratory drive and pattern and produces a good level of sedation, allowing to avoid the administration of other sedatives. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of dexmedetomidine use to support a cannabis intoxicated patient.
Inglese
Cipriani, F., Mancino, A., Pulitano', S. M. M., Piastra, M., Conti, G., A cannabinoid-intoxicated child treated with dexmedetomidine: a case report, <<JOURNAL OF MEDICAL CASE REPORTS>>, 2015; 9 (Ottobre): 152-152. [doi:10.1186/s13256-015-0636-2] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/71632]
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