Context - Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are Kit/CD117-expressing mesenchymal neoplasms of uncertain malignant potential. The lack of a reliable method of prognostication hampers the selection of patients eligible for STI571 therapy. 10q22-q23 is a region involved in chromosomal losses found in a fraction of malignant primary and metastatic GISTs harboring PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10), a tumor suppressor gene often altered in human neoplasms. Objective - To investigate the role of PTEN in GISTs, an issue that to our knowledge has not been addressed previously. Design - PTEN status was determined in a series of 21 GISTs, with follow-up ranging between 6 and 198 months, using immunohistochemistry correlated with clinical data. Results - A greater than 25%; fraction of cells with low or absent PTEN immunostaining was detected in 9 GISTs, including all those showing malignancy. By the log-rank test, a fraction of PTEN-deficient cells greater than 25%; was associated with malignancy (P<.001). Percentage of cells underexpressing PTEN, size, cellularity, MIB-1 immunoreactivity, and coagulative necrosis proved to be associated with malignancy by Cox proportional hazards univariate analysis; low or absent expression of PTEN was the only factor selected by multivariate analysis (P<.03). Conclusions - PTEN downregulation is implied in GIST progression. The immunohistochemical assessment of PTEN status appears to be a promising method of GIST prognostication.

Ricci, R., Maggiano, N., Castri, F., Rinelli, A., Murazio, M., Pacelli, F., Potenza, A., Vecchio, F., Larocca, L. M., ROLE OF PTEN IN GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMOR PROGRESSION, <<ARCHIVES OF PATHOLOGY & LABORATORY MEDICINE>>, 2004; 2004 (128): 421-425 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/71225]

ROLE OF PTEN IN GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMOR PROGRESSION

Ricci, Riccardo;Larocca, Luigi Maria
2004

Abstract

Context - Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are Kit/CD117-expressing mesenchymal neoplasms of uncertain malignant potential. The lack of a reliable method of prognostication hampers the selection of patients eligible for STI571 therapy. 10q22-q23 is a region involved in chromosomal losses found in a fraction of malignant primary and metastatic GISTs harboring PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10), a tumor suppressor gene often altered in human neoplasms. Objective - To investigate the role of PTEN in GISTs, an issue that to our knowledge has not been addressed previously. Design - PTEN status was determined in a series of 21 GISTs, with follow-up ranging between 6 and 198 months, using immunohistochemistry correlated with clinical data. Results - A greater than 25%; fraction of cells with low or absent PTEN immunostaining was detected in 9 GISTs, including all those showing malignancy. By the log-rank test, a fraction of PTEN-deficient cells greater than 25%; was associated with malignancy (P<.001). Percentage of cells underexpressing PTEN, size, cellularity, MIB-1 immunoreactivity, and coagulative necrosis proved to be associated with malignancy by Cox proportional hazards univariate analysis; low or absent expression of PTEN was the only factor selected by multivariate analysis (P<.03). Conclusions - PTEN downregulation is implied in GIST progression. The immunohistochemical assessment of PTEN status appears to be a promising method of GIST prognostication.
Inglese
http://www.archivesofpathology.org/doi/10.1043/1543-2165(2004)128%3C421:ROPIGS%3E2.0.CO;2?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed
Ricci, R., Maggiano, N., Castri, F., Rinelli, A., Murazio, M., Pacelli, F., Potenza, A., Vecchio, F., Larocca, L. M., ROLE OF PTEN IN GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMOR PROGRESSION, <>, 2004; 2004 (128): 421-425 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/71225]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/71225
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