Southern Tuscany (Italy) is characterized by exten- sive arsenic (As) anomalies, with concentrations of up to 2000 mg kg soil−1. Samples from the location of Scarlino, containing about 200 mg kg−1 of As, were used to study the influence of the inoculation of an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus (Rhizophagus irregularis, previously known as Glomus intraradices) and of phosphorus (P) application, sep- arately and in combination, on As speciation in the rhizo- sphere of Zea mays on plant growth and As accumulation. Also, P distribution in plant parts was investigated. Each treatment produced a moderate rise of As(III) in the rhizo- sphere, increased As(III) and lowered As(V) concentration in shoots. P treatment, alone or in combination with AM, aug- mented the plant biomass. The treatments did not affect total As concentration in the shoots (with all the values <1 mg kg−1 dry weight), while in the roots it was lowered by P treatment alone. Such decrease was probably a consequence of the competition between P and As(V) for the same transport systems, interestingly nullified by the combination with AM treatment. P concentration was higher with AM only in both shoots and roots. Therefore, the obtained results can be ex- tremely encouraging for maize cultivation on a marginal land, like the one studied.

Cattani, I., Beone, G. M., Gonnelli, C., Influence of Rhizophagus irregularis inoculation and phosphorus application on growth and arsenic accumulation in maize (Zea mays L.) cultivated on an arsenic-contaminated soil., <<ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL>>, 2015; (Maggio): 6570-6577 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/70695]

Influence of Rhizophagus irregularis inoculation and phosphorus application on growth and arsenic accumulation in maize (Zea mays L.) cultivated on an arsenic-contaminated soil.

Beone, Gian Maria;
2015

Abstract

Southern Tuscany (Italy) is characterized by exten- sive arsenic (As) anomalies, with concentrations of up to 2000 mg kg soil−1. Samples from the location of Scarlino, containing about 200 mg kg−1 of As, were used to study the influence of the inoculation of an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus (Rhizophagus irregularis, previously known as Glomus intraradices) and of phosphorus (P) application, sep- arately and in combination, on As speciation in the rhizo- sphere of Zea mays on plant growth and As accumulation. Also, P distribution in plant parts was investigated. Each treatment produced a moderate rise of As(III) in the rhizo- sphere, increased As(III) and lowered As(V) concentration in shoots. P treatment, alone or in combination with AM, aug- mented the plant biomass. The treatments did not affect total As concentration in the shoots (with all the values <1 mg kg−1 dry weight), while in the roots it was lowered by P treatment alone. Such decrease was probably a consequence of the competition between P and As(V) for the same transport systems, interestingly nullified by the combination with AM treatment. P concentration was higher with AM only in both shoots and roots. Therefore, the obtained results can be ex- tremely encouraging for maize cultivation on a marginal land, like the one studied.
Inglese
Cattani, I., Beone, G. M., Gonnelli, C., Influence of Rhizophagus irregularis inoculation and phosphorus application on growth and arsenic accumulation in maize (Zea mays L.) cultivated on an arsenic-contaminated soil., <<ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL>>, 2015; (Maggio): 6570-6577 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/70695]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/70695
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