The present research explored the cortical correlates of emotional memories in response to words and pictures. Subjects’ performance (Accuracy Index, AI; response times, RTs; RTs/AI) was considered when a repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) was applied on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (LDLPFC). Specifically, the role of LDLPFC was tested by performing a memory task, in which old (previously encoded targets) and new (previously not encoded distractors) emotional pictures/words had to be recognized. Valence (positive vs. negative) and arousing power (high vs. low) of stimuli were also modulated. Moreover, subjective evaluation of emotional stimuli in terms of valence/arousal was explored. We found significant performance improving (higher AI, reduced RTs, improved general performance) in response to rTMS. This “better recognition effect” was only related to specific emotional features, that is positive high arousal pictures or words. Moreover no significant differences were found between stimulus categories. A direct relationship was also observed between subjective evaluation of emotional cues and memory performance when rTMS was applied to LDLPFC. Supported by valence and approach model of emotions, we supposed that a left lateralized prefrontal system may induce a better recognition of positive high arousal words, and that evaluation of emotional cue is related to prefrontal activation, affecting the recognition memories of emotions.

Balconi, M., Cobelli, C., rTMS on left prefrontal cortex contributes to memories for positive emotional cues: a comparison between pictures and words, <<NEUROSCIENCE>>, 2015; 287 (N/A): 93-103. [doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2014.12.015] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/70629]

rTMS on left prefrontal cortex contributes to memories for positive emotional cues: a comparison between pictures and words

Balconi, Michela;
2015

Abstract

The present research explored the cortical correlates of emotional memories in response to words and pictures. Subjects’ performance (Accuracy Index, AI; response times, RTs; RTs/AI) was considered when a repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) was applied on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (LDLPFC). Specifically, the role of LDLPFC was tested by performing a memory task, in which old (previously encoded targets) and new (previously not encoded distractors) emotional pictures/words had to be recognized. Valence (positive vs. negative) and arousing power (high vs. low) of stimuli were also modulated. Moreover, subjective evaluation of emotional stimuli in terms of valence/arousal was explored. We found significant performance improving (higher AI, reduced RTs, improved general performance) in response to rTMS. This “better recognition effect” was only related to specific emotional features, that is positive high arousal pictures or words. Moreover no significant differences were found between stimulus categories. A direct relationship was also observed between subjective evaluation of emotional cues and memory performance when rTMS was applied to LDLPFC. Supported by valence and approach model of emotions, we supposed that a left lateralized prefrontal system may induce a better recognition of positive high arousal words, and that evaluation of emotional cue is related to prefrontal activation, affecting the recognition memories of emotions.
Inglese
Balconi, M., Cobelli, C., rTMS on left prefrontal cortex contributes to memories for positive emotional cues: a comparison between pictures and words, <<NEUROSCIENCE>>, 2015; 287 (N/A): 93-103. [doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2014.12.015] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/70629]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/70629
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