BACKGROUND: In the human fetus, an increased lactate and glucose level can be anticipated when hypoxia and stress are present and is likely to be a function of both anaerobic metabolism and catecholamine-mediated glycogenolysis/glycolysis. AIM: We assessed if measurement of lactate in cord artery blood after vaginal and cesarean delivery may predict glucose concentration. STUDY DESIGN: Umbilical artery cord blood lactacidemia, acidemia, and glucose concentration was tested by 'mini-lab' Radiometer ABL90 FLEX analyzers (Radiometer®, Copenhagen, Denmark) after vaginal delivery (VD), spontaneous (n=493) and by vacuum extractor (n=41) or by cesarean delivery (CD), elective (n=120) and emergency (n=68) in at term, vigorous neonates delivered from March to December 2012 at the 2nd level maternity ward of Policlinico Abano Terme, Abano Terme (Italy). RESULTS: Cord blood lactacidemia and glucose levels were significantly higher in VD by vacuum extractor than in all other groups (5.32±1.96mmol/L, p=0.050 and 103.6±30.5mg/dL, p<0.001, respectively) and significantly lower in elective CD group (1.77±0.99mmol/L, p<0.001 and 69.8±13.0mg/dL, p<0.001). The cord blood lactate concentration was significantly and positively correlated with glucose levels (r=0.434, p<0.001), but significantly and negatively correlated with pH (r=-0,662, p<0.001), NaHCO3(-) (r=-0,802, p<0.001), and base excess (BE) (r=-0,698, p<0.001). However, in multivariate linear regression analysis, only BE, PaCO2 and cord blood lactate were significant predictive variables (R(2)=0.410; p<0.001) of glucose levels at birth. CONCLUSION: Cord blood artery lactate and glucose concentration are significantly and positively correlated at birth in healthy, at term vaginally and cesarean delivered neonates, but BE is the best indicator of activated fetal gluconeogenesis.

Zanardo, V., Mari, G., De Luca, F., Scambia, G., Guerrini, P., Straface, G., Lactate in cord blood and its relation to fetal gluconeogenesis in at term deliveries, <<EARLY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT>>, 2015; 91 (3): 165-168. [doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2015.01.003] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/70188]

Lactate in cord blood and its relation to fetal gluconeogenesis in at term deliveries

Scambia, Giovanni;
2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the human fetus, an increased lactate and glucose level can be anticipated when hypoxia and stress are present and is likely to be a function of both anaerobic metabolism and catecholamine-mediated glycogenolysis/glycolysis. AIM: We assessed if measurement of lactate in cord artery blood after vaginal and cesarean delivery may predict glucose concentration. STUDY DESIGN: Umbilical artery cord blood lactacidemia, acidemia, and glucose concentration was tested by 'mini-lab' Radiometer ABL90 FLEX analyzers (Radiometer®, Copenhagen, Denmark) after vaginal delivery (VD), spontaneous (n=493) and by vacuum extractor (n=41) or by cesarean delivery (CD), elective (n=120) and emergency (n=68) in at term, vigorous neonates delivered from March to December 2012 at the 2nd level maternity ward of Policlinico Abano Terme, Abano Terme (Italy). RESULTS: Cord blood lactacidemia and glucose levels were significantly higher in VD by vacuum extractor than in all other groups (5.32±1.96mmol/L, p=0.050 and 103.6±30.5mg/dL, p<0.001, respectively) and significantly lower in elective CD group (1.77±0.99mmol/L, p<0.001 and 69.8±13.0mg/dL, p<0.001). The cord blood lactate concentration was significantly and positively correlated with glucose levels (r=0.434, p<0.001), but significantly and negatively correlated with pH (r=-0,662, p<0.001), NaHCO3(-) (r=-0,802, p<0.001), and base excess (BE) (r=-0,698, p<0.001). However, in multivariate linear regression analysis, only BE, PaCO2 and cord blood lactate were significant predictive variables (R(2)=0.410; p<0.001) of glucose levels at birth. CONCLUSION: Cord blood artery lactate and glucose concentration are significantly and positively correlated at birth in healthy, at term vaginally and cesarean delivered neonates, but BE is the best indicator of activated fetal gluconeogenesis.
Inglese
Zanardo, V., Mari, G., De Luca, F., Scambia, G., Guerrini, P., Straface, G., Lactate in cord blood and its relation to fetal gluconeogenesis in at term deliveries, <>, 2015; 91 (3): 165-168. [doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2015.01.003] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/70188]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/70188
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact