We previously demonstrated by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry that a GnRH agonist (leuprorelin acetate, LA) was able to induce a post-transcriptional increase in GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) expression at the plasma membrane of androgen-sensitive (LNCaP) and -insensitive (PC-3) prostate cancer (PCa) cells. In the present study, we used atomic force microscopy (AFM) to gain a deeper insight into the effects of LA on the behaviour of GnRH-R in highly invasive and poorly differentiated PC-3 cells. The use of this powerful, non-destructive technique allows to identify and study the biological features of the living cell surface, as ligand-receptor interactions. Here, we investigated for 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 days, the effect of LA (10-11 and 10-6 M) in PC-3 cells on: i) amount of LA/GnRH-R binding events (i.e. GnRH-R quantification), ii) strength of the analogue-receptor binding, iii) receptor topography. Briefly, analogue molecules were immobilized onto conical AFM tips and the single agonist/receptor interactions were measured by force-distance cycles. In agreement with our previous results, the number of GnRH-R augmented during 30 days due to the effect of LA treatment. The increasing rate of GnRH-R was dose-dependent until the 24th day and reached the maximum (~70%) after 30 days of treatment with the highest dose of LA (10-6M). At least 2 different receptor bound strengths have been detected, probably due to the presence of two GnRH-R classes. The majority of the sites showed a relatively low bound strength (~37 piconewton). A LA/GnRH-R complex lifetime of ~ 9s and ~3.4 s for the higher and lower bound strength receptors, respectively, has been determined. Regarding GnRH-R topography, a homogeneous distribution of the binding events has been found on untreated and LA-treated PC-3 cell surfaces. The persistence of high receptor levels at the androgen-insensitive cell surface may warrant the maintenance of the response to the analogue in androgen-unresponsive PCa also, which might be useful in clinical practice. Moreover, the definition of parameters as ligand/receptor bond strength and lifetime could shed light on the poorly understood molecular basis of LA/GnRH-R interaction and might be used to address structural/chemical agonist optimizations

Lama, G., Angelucci, C., Cupelli, E., Sica, G., De Spirito, M., Papi, M., EFFECTS OF GnRH AGONIST TREATMENT ON GnRH RECEPTORS IN HUMAN PROSTATE CANCER CELLS: AN ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY STUDY, Abstract de <<65° Congresso Società Italiana di Anatomia e Istologia>>, (Padova, 27-29 September 2011 ), <<ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY>>, 2011; 116 (1): 97-97 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/6915]

EFFECTS OF GnRH AGONIST TREATMENT ON GnRH RECEPTORS IN HUMAN PROSTATE CANCER CELLS: AN ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY STUDY

Lama, Gina;Angelucci, Cristiana;Cupelli, Elisa;Sica, Gigliola;De Spirito, Marco;Papi, Massimiliano
2011

Abstract

We previously demonstrated by Western blotting and immunocytochemistry that a GnRH agonist (leuprorelin acetate, LA) was able to induce a post-transcriptional increase in GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) expression at the plasma membrane of androgen-sensitive (LNCaP) and -insensitive (PC-3) prostate cancer (PCa) cells. In the present study, we used atomic force microscopy (AFM) to gain a deeper insight into the effects of LA on the behaviour of GnRH-R in highly invasive and poorly differentiated PC-3 cells. The use of this powerful, non-destructive technique allows to identify and study the biological features of the living cell surface, as ligand-receptor interactions. Here, we investigated for 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 days, the effect of LA (10-11 and 10-6 M) in PC-3 cells on: i) amount of LA/GnRH-R binding events (i.e. GnRH-R quantification), ii) strength of the analogue-receptor binding, iii) receptor topography. Briefly, analogue molecules were immobilized onto conical AFM tips and the single agonist/receptor interactions were measured by force-distance cycles. In agreement with our previous results, the number of GnRH-R augmented during 30 days due to the effect of LA treatment. The increasing rate of GnRH-R was dose-dependent until the 24th day and reached the maximum (~70%) after 30 days of treatment with the highest dose of LA (10-6M). At least 2 different receptor bound strengths have been detected, probably due to the presence of two GnRH-R classes. The majority of the sites showed a relatively low bound strength (~37 piconewton). A LA/GnRH-R complex lifetime of ~ 9s and ~3.4 s for the higher and lower bound strength receptors, respectively, has been determined. Regarding GnRH-R topography, a homogeneous distribution of the binding events has been found on untreated and LA-treated PC-3 cell surfaces. The persistence of high receptor levels at the androgen-insensitive cell surface may warrant the maintenance of the response to the analogue in androgen-unresponsive PCa also, which might be useful in clinical practice. Moreover, the definition of parameters as ligand/receptor bond strength and lifetime could shed light on the poorly understood molecular basis of LA/GnRH-R interaction and might be used to address structural/chemical agonist optimizations
Inglese
Lama, G., Angelucci, C., Cupelli, E., Sica, G., De Spirito, M., Papi, M., EFFECTS OF GnRH AGONIST TREATMENT ON GnRH RECEPTORS IN HUMAN PROSTATE CANCER CELLS: AN ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY STUDY, Abstract de <<65° Congresso Società Italiana di Anatomia e Istologia>>, (Padova, 27-29 September 2011 ), <<ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY>>, 2011; 116 (1): 97-97 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/6915]
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