BACKGROUND &#38; AIMS: Human milk is believed to contain biological factors involved in the regulation of newborn growth, including brain development. Recently, it has also been shown to contain the calcium-binding S100B protein, regarded as a neurotrophic factor. The present study investigates the concentrations of this protein in colostrum, human milk at different levels of maturation and in milk-formulae. METHODS: Samples for S100B measurements were collected from human colostrum (on day 1 after birth), from transition milk (on post-delivery days 7 and 14) and from mature milk (on day 30 after delivery) in 14 healthy women and from 14 milk-formulae. The S100B protein levels were measured using a commercially available specific immunoluminometric assay. RESULTS: Mean S100B protein levels were significantly higher in mature human milk (117.9+/-36.7 microg/l) than in transition milk at 14 days (106.7+/-38.1 microg/l) and at 7 days (92.7+/-37.8 microg/l), colostrum (74.6+/-37.6 microg/l) or milk-formulae (24.8+/-19.5 microg/l) (P<0.001, for all). A correlation between human milk S100B levels and the gestational age at which samples were obtained was also found (r=0.39; P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These findings, possibly related to S100B's neurotrophic role, offers useful information to the investigation of the role of S100B protein in brain maturation.

Gazzolo, D., Bruschettini, M., Lituania, M., Serra, G., Santini, P., Michetti, F., Levels of S100B protein are higher in mature human milk than in colostrum and milk-formulae milks, <<CLINICAL NUTRITION>>, 2004; (23): 23-26 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/6640]

Levels of S100B protein are higher in mature human milk than in colostrum and milk-formulae milks

Michetti, Fabrizio
2004

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Human milk is believed to contain biological factors involved in the regulation of newborn growth, including brain development. Recently, it has also been shown to contain the calcium-binding S100B protein, regarded as a neurotrophic factor. The present study investigates the concentrations of this protein in colostrum, human milk at different levels of maturation and in milk-formulae. METHODS: Samples for S100B measurements were collected from human colostrum (on day 1 after birth), from transition milk (on post-delivery days 7 and 14) and from mature milk (on day 30 after delivery) in 14 healthy women and from 14 milk-formulae. The S100B protein levels were measured using a commercially available specific immunoluminometric assay. RESULTS: Mean S100B protein levels were significantly higher in mature human milk (117.9+/-36.7 microg/l) than in transition milk at 14 days (106.7+/-38.1 microg/l) and at 7 days (92.7+/-37.8 microg/l), colostrum (74.6+/-37.6 microg/l) or milk-formulae (24.8+/-19.5 microg/l) (P<0.001, for all). A correlation between human milk S100B levels and the gestational age at which samples were obtained was also found (r=0.39; P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These findings, possibly related to S100B's neurotrophic role, offers useful information to the investigation of the role of S100B protein in brain maturation.
Inglese
Gazzolo, D., Bruschettini, M., Lituania, M., Serra, G., Santini, P., Michetti, F., Levels of S100B protein are higher in mature human milk than in colostrum and milk-formulae milks, <<CLINICAL NUTRITION>>, 2004; (23): 23-26 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/6640]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/6640
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