Using data on a cohort of school leavers observed three years after finishing school this paper estimates the impact of school tracks on post-school behaviours, namely the rates of transition to college, college dropout, labour market participation and unemployment. Identification is achieved using retrospective information on parental unemployment at the time of track choice. Results show that students from the academic oriented track achieve better college performance and experience a worse transition to the labour market relative to students from labour market oriented tracks, consistent with the idea that tracking generates efficiency gains through specialization of knowledge. Results also show that family background is far more important than ability in determining allocation to tracks. The estimated distribution of unobserved heterogeneity suggests that such a situation may result in some inefficient allocations of less able students to college-oriented tracks, inflating college dropout rates.

Cappellari, L., SCHOOL TRACKS, COLLEGE PERFORMANCE AND EARLY LABOUR MARKET OUTCOMES, <<RIVISTA INTERNAZIONALE DI SCIENZE SOCIALI>>, 2012; (2): 181-200 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/65870]

SCHOOL TRACKS, COLLEGE PERFORMANCE AND EARLY LABOUR MARKET OUTCOMES

Cappellari, Lorenzo
2012

Abstract

Using data on a cohort of school leavers observed three years after finishing school this paper estimates the impact of school tracks on post-school behaviours, namely the rates of transition to college, college dropout, labour market participation and unemployment. Identification is achieved using retrospective information on parental unemployment at the time of track choice. Results show that students from the academic oriented track achieve better college performance and experience a worse transition to the labour market relative to students from labour market oriented tracks, consistent with the idea that tracking generates efficiency gains through specialization of knowledge. Results also show that family background is far more important than ability in determining allocation to tracks. The estimated distribution of unobserved heterogeneity suggests that such a situation may result in some inefficient allocations of less able students to college-oriented tracks, inflating college dropout rates.
Inglese
Cappellari, L., SCHOOL TRACKS, COLLEGE PERFORMANCE AND EARLY LABOUR MARKET OUTCOMES, <<RIVISTA INTERNAZIONALE DI SCIENZE SOCIALI>>, 2012; (2): 181-200 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/65870]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/65870
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact