We report a case of symptomatic massive liver echinococcosis due to Echinococcus granulosus, unexpectedly found in a 34 year old woman living in Apulia, Italy. Based on size (max diameter 18 cm), clinical presentation, geographical area, and natural history of echinococcosis, we estimate that the initial infection should have occurred 9-20 yrs before. Presenting symptoms were those of typical mass effect with RUQ pain, pruritus, malaise, and recent weight loss. Abdominal ultrasound diagnosis of probable echinococcal cyst was subsequentely confirmed by positive serology and further detailed by radiological imaging. The cyst was massively occupying subdiaphragmatic liver segments and extending to the omentum and the stomach. The characteristics of the lesion were compatible with the WHO 2003 classification type CE2l, indicating a large active fertile cyst with daughter cysts. The cyst was successfully treated with medical therapy followed by surgery. The prevalence, diagnostic workup, management, and costs of echinococcosis are discussed in this case presentation

Bonfrate, L., Giuliante, F., Palasciano, G., Lamont, J., Portincasa, P., Unexpected discovery of massive liver echinococcosis. A clinical, morphological, and functional diagnosis, <<ANNALS OF HEPATOLOGY>>, 2013; 12 (4): 634-641 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/65359]

Unexpected discovery of massive liver echinococcosis. A clinical, morphological, and functional diagnosis

Giuliante, Felice;
2013

Abstract

We report a case of symptomatic massive liver echinococcosis due to Echinococcus granulosus, unexpectedly found in a 34 year old woman living in Apulia, Italy. Based on size (max diameter 18 cm), clinical presentation, geographical area, and natural history of echinococcosis, we estimate that the initial infection should have occurred 9-20 yrs before. Presenting symptoms were those of typical mass effect with RUQ pain, pruritus, malaise, and recent weight loss. Abdominal ultrasound diagnosis of probable echinococcal cyst was subsequentely confirmed by positive serology and further detailed by radiological imaging. The cyst was massively occupying subdiaphragmatic liver segments and extending to the omentum and the stomach. The characteristics of the lesion were compatible with the WHO 2003 classification type CE2l, indicating a large active fertile cyst with daughter cysts. The cyst was successfully treated with medical therapy followed by surgery. The prevalence, diagnostic workup, management, and costs of echinococcosis are discussed in this case presentation
Inglese
Bonfrate, L., Giuliante, F., Palasciano, G., Lamont, J., Portincasa, P., Unexpected discovery of massive liver echinococcosis. A clinical, morphological, and functional diagnosis, <<ANNALS OF HEPATOLOGY>>, 2013; 12 (4): 634-641 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/65359]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/65359
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