Advances in genomics have crucial implications for public health, offering new ways of differentiating individuals and groups within populations that go beyond the measures normally used by public health professionals, such as gender, age, socio-economic status, physiological measurements or clinical biomarkers.1 While public health has traditionally been concerned with interventions at a population level, genomic medicine seems to promote a vision for health care that encourages individualism rather than collectivism.2 This tension is apparent in weighing up its consequences. Thus, it may bring benefits in stratifying individuals according to genetic risk, enabling better targeting of preventive and therapeutic interventions. But it may also have harmful consequences undermining the imperative to tackle social and environmental determinants of disease and the collective provision of health care potentially leading to overdiagnosis/overtreatment; it may fragment the risk pooling that underpins social solidarity; and it may increase the probability of stigmatization and discrimination.

Boccia, S., Mc Kee, M., Adany, R., Boffetta, P., Burton, H., Cambon Thomsen, A., Cornel, M., Gray, M., Jani, A., Maria Knoppers, B., Khoury, M., Meslin, E., Van Duijn, C., Villari, P., Zimmern, R., Cesario, A., Puggina, A., Colotto, M., Ricciardi, G., Beyond public health genomics: proposals from an international working group, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH>>, 2014; 24 (6): 876-879. [doi:10.1093/eurpub/cku142] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/64131]

Beyond public health genomics: proposals from an international working group

Boccia, Stefania;Boffetta, Paolo;Cesario, Alfredo;Puggina, Anna;Colotto, Marco;Ricciardi, Gualtiero
2014

Abstract

Advances in genomics have crucial implications for public health, offering new ways of differentiating individuals and groups within populations that go beyond the measures normally used by public health professionals, such as gender, age, socio-economic status, physiological measurements or clinical biomarkers.1 While public health has traditionally been concerned with interventions at a population level, genomic medicine seems to promote a vision for health care that encourages individualism rather than collectivism.2 This tension is apparent in weighing up its consequences. Thus, it may bring benefits in stratifying individuals according to genetic risk, enabling better targeting of preventive and therapeutic interventions. But it may also have harmful consequences undermining the imperative to tackle social and environmental determinants of disease and the collective provision of health care potentially leading to overdiagnosis/overtreatment; it may fragment the risk pooling that underpins social solidarity; and it may increase the probability of stigmatization and discrimination.
Inglese
Boccia, S., Mc Kee, M., Adany, R., Boffetta, P., Burton, H., Cambon Thomsen, A., Cornel, M., Gray, M., Jani, A., Maria Knoppers, B., Khoury, M., Meslin, E., Van Duijn, C., Villari, P., Zimmern, R., Cesario, A., Puggina, A., Colotto, M., Ricciardi, G., Beyond public health genomics: proposals from an international working group, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH>>, 2014; 24 (6): 876-879. [doi:10.1093/eurpub/cku142] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/64131]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/64131
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