Secondary structure prediction of salivary cystatins S, SA, and SN carried out by several methods label the 39–58 sequence (β2-strand) as predominantly α-helical. The helical propensity of a peptide corresponding to β2-strand of salivary SA cystatin analyzed by CD display high helical propensity in aqueous solution, whereas peptides matching the β2-strand amino acid sequence of cystatins S and SN, display random coil conformation in aqueous solution but acquire α-helical conformation in the presence of trifluoroethanol (TFE). Moreover molecular dynamics simulation performed on the homology modeling of cystatin SA constructed on the basis of recently determined three-dimensional structure of salivary cystatin D, suggests that cystatin SA does not significantly deviate from the starting structure over the course of the simulation. The results obtained indicate that the β2-strand of salivary S cystatins has high helical propensity when isolated from native protein and acquire the final β structure by interaction with the rest of the polypeptide chain.

Vitali, A., Carelli Alinovi, C., De Rosa, M., Petruzzelli, R., beta 2-Strand of salivary S cystatins: A "chemeleon sequence", <<BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS>>, 2009; 387 (1): 47-51. [doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.06.105] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/62250]

beta 2-Strand of salivary S cystatins: A "chemeleon sequence"

Carelli Alinovi, Cristiana;
2009

Abstract

Secondary structure prediction of salivary cystatins S, SA, and SN carried out by several methods label the 39–58 sequence (β2-strand) as predominantly α-helical. The helical propensity of a peptide corresponding to β2-strand of salivary SA cystatin analyzed by CD display high helical propensity in aqueous solution, whereas peptides matching the β2-strand amino acid sequence of cystatins S and SN, display random coil conformation in aqueous solution but acquire α-helical conformation in the presence of trifluoroethanol (TFE). Moreover molecular dynamics simulation performed on the homology modeling of cystatin SA constructed on the basis of recently determined three-dimensional structure of salivary cystatin D, suggests that cystatin SA does not significantly deviate from the starting structure over the course of the simulation. The results obtained indicate that the β2-strand of salivary S cystatins has high helical propensity when isolated from native protein and acquire the final β structure by interaction with the rest of the polypeptide chain.
Inglese
Vitali, A., Carelli Alinovi, C., De Rosa, M., Petruzzelli, R., beta 2-Strand of salivary S cystatins: A "chemeleon sequence", <<BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS>>, 2009; 387 (1): 47-51. [doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2009.06.105] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/62250]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/62250
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