We argue that the world-sheet dynamics of magnetic k-strings in the Higgs phase of the mass-deformed N=4 theory, is controlled by a bosonic O(3) sigma model with anisotropy and a topological theta term. The theory interpolates between a massless O(2) symmetric regime, a massive O(3) symmetric phase and another massive phase with a spontaneously broken Z_2 symmetry. The first two phases are separated by a Kosterlitz-Thouless transition. When \theta = \pi the O(3) symmetric phase flows to an interacting fixed point; sigma model kinks and their dyonic partners become degenerate, mirroring the behaviour of monopoles in the parent gauge theory. This leads to the identification of the kinks with monopoles confined on the string.

Auzzi, R., Kumar, S. P., Quantum Phases of a Vortex String, <<PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS>>, 2009; (103 (2009) 231601): 1-4 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/56214]

Quantum Phases of a Vortex String

Auzzi, Roberto;
2009

Abstract

We argue that the world-sheet dynamics of magnetic k-strings in the Higgs phase of the mass-deformed N=4 theory, is controlled by a bosonic O(3) sigma model with anisotropy and a topological theta term. The theory interpolates between a massless O(2) symmetric regime, a massive O(3) symmetric phase and another massive phase with a spontaneously broken Z_2 symmetry. The first two phases are separated by a Kosterlitz-Thouless transition. When \theta = \pi the O(3) symmetric phase flows to an interacting fixed point; sigma model kinks and their dyonic partners become degenerate, mirroring the behaviour of monopoles in the parent gauge theory. This leads to the identification of the kinks with monopoles confined on the string.
Inglese
Auzzi, R., Kumar, S. P., Quantum Phases of a Vortex String, <<PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS>>, 2009; (103 (2009) 231601): 1-4 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/56214]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/56214
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