The aim of this study was to investigate, using eye-tracking technique, the influence of bottom-up and top-down processes on visual behavior while subjects, na ̈ıve to art criticism, were presented with representational paintings. Forty-two subjects viewed color and black and white paintings (Color) categorized as dynamic or static (Dynamism) (bottom-up processes). Half of the images represented natural environments and half human subjects (Content); all stimuli were displayed under aesthetic and movement judgment conditions (Task) (top-down processes). Results on gazing behavior showed that content-related top-down processes prevailed over low-level visually-driven bottom-up processes when a human subject is represented in the painting. On the contrary, bottom-up processes, mediated by low-level visual features, particularly affected gazing behavior when looking at nature-content images. We discuss our results proposing a reconsideration of the definition of content-related top-down processes in accordance with the concept of embodied simulation in art perception.

Massaro, D., Savazzi, F. A. M., Di Dio, C., Freedberg, D., Gallese, V., Gilli, G., Marchetti, A., When Art Moves the Eyes: A Behavioral and Eye-Tracking Study, <<PLOS ONE>>, 2012; 7 (5): e37285-e37285. [doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037285] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/5071]

When Art Moves the Eyes: A Behavioral and Eye-Tracking Study

Massaro, Davide;Savazzi, Federica Antonia Maria;Di Dio, Cinzia;Gilli, Gabriella;Marchetti, Antonella
2012

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate, using eye-tracking technique, the influence of bottom-up and top-down processes on visual behavior while subjects, na ̈ıve to art criticism, were presented with representational paintings. Forty-two subjects viewed color and black and white paintings (Color) categorized as dynamic or static (Dynamism) (bottom-up processes). Half of the images represented natural environments and half human subjects (Content); all stimuli were displayed under aesthetic and movement judgment conditions (Task) (top-down processes). Results on gazing behavior showed that content-related top-down processes prevailed over low-level visually-driven bottom-up processes when a human subject is represented in the painting. On the contrary, bottom-up processes, mediated by low-level visual features, particularly affected gazing behavior when looking at nature-content images. We discuss our results proposing a reconsideration of the definition of content-related top-down processes in accordance with the concept of embodied simulation in art perception.
Inglese
Massaro, D., Savazzi, F. A. M., Di Dio, C., Freedberg, D., Gallese, V., Gilli, G., Marchetti, A., When Art Moves the Eyes: A Behavioral and Eye-Tracking Study, <<PLOS ONE>>, 2012; 7 (5): e37285-e37285. [doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0037285] [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/5071]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/5071
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