The aim of the study is to evaluate clinical features, treatments and outcome of patients with systemic mast cell disease (MCD) who arrived to the attention of hematologists. A retrospective study was conducted over 1995–2006 in patients admitted in 18 Italian hematological divisions. Twenty-four cases of advanced MCD were collected: 12 aggressive SM (50%), 8 mast cell leukemia (33%), 4 SM with associated clonal non-mast cell-lineage hematologic disease (17%). Spleen and liver were the principal extramedullary organ involved. The c-kit point mutation D816V was found in 13/18 patients in which molecular biology studies were performed (72%). Treatments were very heterogeneous: on the whole Imatinib was administered in 17 patients, a-Interferon in 8, 2-CdA in 3; 2 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The overall response rate to Imatinib, the most frequently employed drugs, was of 29%, registering one complete remission and four partial remission; all responsive patients did not present D816V c-kit mutation. Overall three patients (12%) died for progression of disease. We conclude that MCD is characterized by severe mediator- related symptoms but with a moderate mortality rate.

Pagano, L., Valentini, C. G., Caira, M., Advanced mast cell disease: an Italian Hematological Multicenter experience., <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY>>, 2008; (Dicembre): 483-488 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/3834]

Advanced mast cell disease: an Italian Hematological Multicenter experience.

Pagano, Livio;Valentini, Caterina Giovanna;Caira, Morena
2008

Abstract

The aim of the study is to evaluate clinical features, treatments and outcome of patients with systemic mast cell disease (MCD) who arrived to the attention of hematologists. A retrospective study was conducted over 1995–2006 in patients admitted in 18 Italian hematological divisions. Twenty-four cases of advanced MCD were collected: 12 aggressive SM (50%), 8 mast cell leukemia (33%), 4 SM with associated clonal non-mast cell-lineage hematologic disease (17%). Spleen and liver were the principal extramedullary organ involved. The c-kit point mutation D816V was found in 13/18 patients in which molecular biology studies were performed (72%). Treatments were very heterogeneous: on the whole Imatinib was administered in 17 patients, a-Interferon in 8, 2-CdA in 3; 2 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The overall response rate to Imatinib, the most frequently employed drugs, was of 29%, registering one complete remission and four partial remission; all responsive patients did not present D816V c-kit mutation. Overall three patients (12%) died for progression of disease. We conclude that MCD is characterized by severe mediator- related symptoms but with a moderate mortality rate.
Inglese
Pagano, L., Valentini, C. G., Caira, M., Advanced mast cell disease: an Italian Hematological Multicenter experience., <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY>>, 2008; (Dicembre): 483-488 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/3834]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/3834
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