OBJECTIVE: To analyse waveforms, latencies and amplitudes of Median Nerve (MN) SEPs recorded by stereotactically electrodes implanted in the SMA of 14 epileptic patients (9 in pre-SMA,3 in SMA-proper, 2 in both) in order to evaluate which short and middle-latency SEPs are generated in this area and which could be the physiological relevance of these responses. METHODS: Short and middle-latency MN SEPs were recorded by chronically implanted electrodes in the fronto-temporal cortex and in particular in the mesial frontal region of 14 drug-resistant epileptic patients. MN stimulations of 100 micros were delivered by skin electrodes at the wrist; stimulus intensity was adjusted slightly above the motor threshold. RESULTS: The main result of this study is that middle-latency SEPs were originated in pre-SMA but not in SMA-proper as demonstrated by both referential and bipolar recordings. In particular off-line computed bipolar traces between neighbouring contacts implanted in the pre-SMA and in the frontal external regions showed a phase reversal at the deepest contacts located in pre-SMA. Conversely, bipolar recordings between neighbouring contacts implanted in the SMA-proper and in the frontal external regions showed inversion recovery at more superficial contacts, implanted in area 6. Finally, we confirmed that no short-latency MN SEP (and in particular the N30) is originated in the whole SMA. CONCLUSIONS: Among premotor areas, somatosensory inputs seem to reach pre-SMA and area 6 but not SMA-proper. SIGNIFICANCE: This study assessed that no scalp SEP in the first 100 ms after MN stimulus could be generated in SMA-proper.

Colicchio, G., Valeriani, M., Barba, C., Mauguiere, F., Short and middle-latency Median Nerve (MN) SEPs recorded by depth electrodes in human pre-SMA and SMA-proper, <<CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY>>, 2005; (Novembre): 2664-2674 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/34003]

Short and middle-latency Median Nerve (MN) SEPs recorded by depth electrodes in human pre-SMA and SMA-proper

Colicchio, Gabriella;
2005

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To analyse waveforms, latencies and amplitudes of Median Nerve (MN) SEPs recorded by stereotactically electrodes implanted in the SMA of 14 epileptic patients (9 in pre-SMA,3 in SMA-proper, 2 in both) in order to evaluate which short and middle-latency SEPs are generated in this area and which could be the physiological relevance of these responses. METHODS: Short and middle-latency MN SEPs were recorded by chronically implanted electrodes in the fronto-temporal cortex and in particular in the mesial frontal region of 14 drug-resistant epileptic patients. MN stimulations of 100 micros were delivered by skin electrodes at the wrist; stimulus intensity was adjusted slightly above the motor threshold. RESULTS: The main result of this study is that middle-latency SEPs were originated in pre-SMA but not in SMA-proper as demonstrated by both referential and bipolar recordings. In particular off-line computed bipolar traces between neighbouring contacts implanted in the pre-SMA and in the frontal external regions showed a phase reversal at the deepest contacts located in pre-SMA. Conversely, bipolar recordings between neighbouring contacts implanted in the SMA-proper and in the frontal external regions showed inversion recovery at more superficial contacts, implanted in area 6. Finally, we confirmed that no short-latency MN SEP (and in particular the N30) is originated in the whole SMA. CONCLUSIONS: Among premotor areas, somatosensory inputs seem to reach pre-SMA and area 6 but not SMA-proper. SIGNIFICANCE: This study assessed that no scalp SEP in the first 100 ms after MN stimulus could be generated in SMA-proper.
Inglese
Colicchio, G., Valeriani, M., Barba, C., Mauguiere, F., Short and middle-latency Median Nerve (MN) SEPs recorded by depth electrodes in human pre-SMA and SMA-proper, <<CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY>>, 2005; (Novembre): 2664-2674 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/34003]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/34003
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact