We describe the case of a young 33 -year -old woman that was referred to our clinic for evidence of migrant cavitary nodules at CT scan, dyspnea, and blood sputum. Her physical examination showed translucent and thin skin, evident venous vascular pattern, vermilion of the lip thin, micrognathia, thin nose, and occasional Raynaud phenomenon. We prescribed another CT scan that showed multiple pulmonary nodules in both lungs, some of which had evidence of cavitation. Because bronchoscopy was not diagnostic, we decided to perform surgical lung biopsy. At histologic examination, we found the presence of irregularly shaped, but mainly not dendritic, foci of ossi fication that often contained bone marrow and were embedded or surrounded by tendinous -like fibrous tissue. After incorporating data from the histologic examination, we decided to perform genetic counseling and genetic testing with the use of whole-exome sequencing. The genetic test revealed a heterozygous de novo missense mutation of COL3A1 gene, which encodes for type III collagen synthesis, and could cause vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. CHEST 2024; 165(5):e133 -e136

Varone, F., Martini, A., Cicchetti, G., Iovene, B., Sgalla, G., Richeldi, L., Cancellieri, A., Case of a 33-Year-Old Woman With Hemoptysis and Migrant Nodular Cavitary Lesions, <<CHEST>>, 2024; 165 (5): 133-136. [doi:10.1016/j.chest.2024.01.016] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/282559]

Case of a 33-Year-Old Woman With Hemoptysis and Migrant Nodular Cavitary Lesions

Varone, Francesco
Primo
;
Martini, Alessia;Cicchetti, Giuseppe;Iovene, Bruno;Sgalla, Giacomo;Richeldi, Luca
Penultimo
;
Cancellieri, Alessandra
2024

Abstract

We describe the case of a young 33 -year -old woman that was referred to our clinic for evidence of migrant cavitary nodules at CT scan, dyspnea, and blood sputum. Her physical examination showed translucent and thin skin, evident venous vascular pattern, vermilion of the lip thin, micrognathia, thin nose, and occasional Raynaud phenomenon. We prescribed another CT scan that showed multiple pulmonary nodules in both lungs, some of which had evidence of cavitation. Because bronchoscopy was not diagnostic, we decided to perform surgical lung biopsy. At histologic examination, we found the presence of irregularly shaped, but mainly not dendritic, foci of ossi fication that often contained bone marrow and were embedded or surrounded by tendinous -like fibrous tissue. After incorporating data from the histologic examination, we decided to perform genetic counseling and genetic testing with the use of whole-exome sequencing. The genetic test revealed a heterozygous de novo missense mutation of COL3A1 gene, which encodes for type III collagen synthesis, and could cause vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. CHEST 2024; 165(5):e133 -e136
2024
Inglese
Varone, F., Martini, A., Cicchetti, G., Iovene, B., Sgalla, G., Richeldi, L., Cancellieri, A., Case of a 33-Year-Old Woman With Hemoptysis and Migrant Nodular Cavitary Lesions, <<CHEST>>, 2024; 165 (5): 133-136. [doi:10.1016/j.chest.2024.01.016] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/282559]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/282559
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