Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is the commonly used technique for pathological confirmation of clinically suspected sarcoidosis, mostly owing to its consistently high success rate in the detection of granulomas. However, other possible advantages, which are less appreciated and often poorly studied, may also contribute to the wider use of EBUS-TBNA in the future. These advantages include refinement of differential diagnoses through the study of lymph node characteristics during B-mode examination; reduction of complications associated with bronchoscopy, as well as improved triage of the specimen for ancillary studies with the use of rapid on-site evaluation; optimization of the quality of the sample through the selection of a target area for biopsy with minimal vascularity and absence of calcifications by using the colour Doppler and the B-mode; and prediction of the presence of extensive lymph node fibrosis by using the strain elastography module. Yet, limitations and possible clinical drawbacks should also be acknowledged. Indeed, due to the lack of specificity of the pathology findings in EBUS-derived samples, the diagnosis of sarcoidosis is one of the exclusion and should remain essentially clinical. The external validity of EBUS-TBNA results in sarcoidosis is questionable, as they mainly derive from studies in populations with a high disease prevalence. Finally, the risk exists that the low morbidity and high diagnostic yield of EBUS-TBNA may lead to its overuse in patients with clinical/radiological findings specific enough to secure a clinical diagnosis of sarcoidosis.

Trisolini, R., Baughman, R. P., Spagnolo, P., Culver, D. A., Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in sarcoidosis: Beyond the diagnostic yield, <<RESPIROLOGY>>, 2019; 24 (6): 531-542. [doi:10.1111/resp.13537] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/282336]

Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in sarcoidosis: Beyond the diagnostic yield

Trisolini, Rocco
Primo
;
2019

Abstract

Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is the commonly used technique for pathological confirmation of clinically suspected sarcoidosis, mostly owing to its consistently high success rate in the detection of granulomas. However, other possible advantages, which are less appreciated and often poorly studied, may also contribute to the wider use of EBUS-TBNA in the future. These advantages include refinement of differential diagnoses through the study of lymph node characteristics during B-mode examination; reduction of complications associated with bronchoscopy, as well as improved triage of the specimen for ancillary studies with the use of rapid on-site evaluation; optimization of the quality of the sample through the selection of a target area for biopsy with minimal vascularity and absence of calcifications by using the colour Doppler and the B-mode; and prediction of the presence of extensive lymph node fibrosis by using the strain elastography module. Yet, limitations and possible clinical drawbacks should also be acknowledged. Indeed, due to the lack of specificity of the pathology findings in EBUS-derived samples, the diagnosis of sarcoidosis is one of the exclusion and should remain essentially clinical. The external validity of EBUS-TBNA results in sarcoidosis is questionable, as they mainly derive from studies in populations with a high disease prevalence. Finally, the risk exists that the low morbidity and high diagnostic yield of EBUS-TBNA may lead to its overuse in patients with clinical/radiological findings specific enough to secure a clinical diagnosis of sarcoidosis.
2019
Inglese
Trisolini, R., Baughman, R. P., Spagnolo, P., Culver, D. A., Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in sarcoidosis: Beyond the diagnostic yield, <<RESPIROLOGY>>, 2019; 24 (6): 531-542. [doi:10.1111/resp.13537] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/282336]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/282336
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