Background and aims: Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) is a widely diffused condition, and its accurate staging has major clinical and therapeutic implications. Ultrasound elastography (UE) is a rapidly evolving imaging technique that allows quantification of elastic tissue properties and could play a crucial role in determining thrombus age. The aim of this review is to find clinical evidence regarding the application of UE in the evaluation of DVT and its usefulness in differentiating thrombosis age. Methods: A literature search of clinical studies was performed to identify the ability of UE of discriminate acute, subacute, and chronic DVT. Heterogeneity and publication bias were calculated. In accordance with the study protocol, a qualitative analysis of the evidence was planned. The results were summarized with a comprehensive summary table of study characteristics and baseline characteristics of participant patients. Results: Nine studies matched the predetermined eligibility requirements for this systematic review regarding the risk of bias; the greatest criticalities were found within the domains of patient selection and index test. Based on the quality assessment, two publications were excluded from the qualitative synthesis because of the presence of significant applicability concerns. Among the seven studies that were considered eligible for qualitative synthesis, four evaluated strain elastography and three evaluated shear-wave elastography. Despite significant differences concerning study design, thrombus age definitions, and patient characteristics, nearly all studies demonstrated an increase in thrombus stiffness according to DVT age. Conclusions: UE could play a key role in routine ultrasound examination of DVT. The measurement of thrombus stiffness has a high biological plausibility and its use is supported by the finding of a correlation between the stiffness and the progression of the DVT age.

Santini, P., Esposto, G., Ainora, M. E., Lupascu, A., Gasbarrini, A., Zocco, M. A., Pola, R., Ultrasound Elastography to Assess Age of Deep Vein Thrombosis: A Systematic Review, <<DIAGNOSTICS>>, 2023; 13 (12): 1-14. [doi:10.3390/diagnostics13122075] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/275556]

Ultrasound Elastography to Assess Age of Deep Vein Thrombosis: A Systematic Review

Santini, Paolo;Esposto, Giorgio;Ainora, Maria Elena;Lupascu, Andrea;Gasbarrini, Antonio;Zocco, Maria Assunta
;
Pola, Roberto
2023

Abstract

Background and aims: Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) is a widely diffused condition, and its accurate staging has major clinical and therapeutic implications. Ultrasound elastography (UE) is a rapidly evolving imaging technique that allows quantification of elastic tissue properties and could play a crucial role in determining thrombus age. The aim of this review is to find clinical evidence regarding the application of UE in the evaluation of DVT and its usefulness in differentiating thrombosis age. Methods: A literature search of clinical studies was performed to identify the ability of UE of discriminate acute, subacute, and chronic DVT. Heterogeneity and publication bias were calculated. In accordance with the study protocol, a qualitative analysis of the evidence was planned. The results were summarized with a comprehensive summary table of study characteristics and baseline characteristics of participant patients. Results: Nine studies matched the predetermined eligibility requirements for this systematic review regarding the risk of bias; the greatest criticalities were found within the domains of patient selection and index test. Based on the quality assessment, two publications were excluded from the qualitative synthesis because of the presence of significant applicability concerns. Among the seven studies that were considered eligible for qualitative synthesis, four evaluated strain elastography and three evaluated shear-wave elastography. Despite significant differences concerning study design, thrombus age definitions, and patient characteristics, nearly all studies demonstrated an increase in thrombus stiffness according to DVT age. Conclusions: UE could play a key role in routine ultrasound examination of DVT. The measurement of thrombus stiffness has a high biological plausibility and its use is supported by the finding of a correlation between the stiffness and the progression of the DVT age.
2023
Inglese
Santini, P., Esposto, G., Ainora, M. E., Lupascu, A., Gasbarrini, A., Zocco, M. A., Pola, R., Ultrasound Elastography to Assess Age of Deep Vein Thrombosis: A Systematic Review, <<DIAGNOSTICS>>, 2023; 13 (12): 1-14. [doi:10.3390/diagnostics13122075] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/275556]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
diagnostics-13-02075.pdf

accesso aperto

Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 590.64 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
590.64 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/275556
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact