The incretin effect (IE) is a key factor regulating β cell functional response and affecting the dynamics of insulin secretion (1). The main actors in the IE are the incretin hormones GIP and GLP-1, which are secreted by specialized enteroendocrine cells in response to glucose, amino acids, and lipids. It is well known that the IE is greatly reduced in type 2 diabetes (T2D), albeit with considerable variability (2). However, longitudinal studies investigating the long-term consequences of the impaired IE in individuals without diabetes or those who are prediabetic are still lacking. To identify possible latent impairments in the IE that could begin in the nondiabetic state, we conducted a study using acute surgical removal of β cell mass as a surrogate model of the β cell loss occurring during the natural history of T2D. 35 individuals without diabetes scheduled for pancreatoduodenectomy underwent an in-depth metabolic evaluation before and after surgery (Supplemental Methods and Supplemental Figure 2; supplemental material available online with this article; https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.175133DS1). Based on postsurgical OGTT-derived glucose tolerance, we classified the individuals as having normal glucose tolerance (post-NGT) (n = 10), impaired glucose tolerance (post-IGT) (n = 15), or diabetes mellitus (post-DM) after surgery (n = 10). Baseline characteristics of study participants are shown in Supplemental Table 1. Before surgery, study participants had similar […]

Di Giuseppe, G., Soldovieri, L., Ciccarelli, G., Ferraro, P. M., Quero, G., Cinti, F., Capece, U., Moffa, S., Nista, E. C., Gasbarrini, A., Mari, A., Alfieri, S., Tondolo, V., Pontecorvi, A., Holst, J. J., Giaccari, A., Mezza, T., Reduced incretin effect precedes diabetes development following duodenopancreatectomy in individuals without diabetes, <<THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION>>, 2024; 134 (8): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1172/JCI175133] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/274522]

Reduced incretin effect precedes diabetes development following duodenopancreatectomy in individuals without diabetes

Di Giuseppe, Gianfranco;Soldovieri, Laura;Ciccarelli, Gea;Ferraro, Pietro Manuel;Quero, Giuseppe;Cinti, Francesca;Capece, Umberto;Moffa, Simona;Nista, Enrico Celestino;Gasbarrini, Antonio;Alfieri, Sergio;Tondolo, Vincenzo;Pontecorvi, Alfredo;Giaccari, Andrea;Mezza, Teresa
Ultimo
2024

Abstract

The incretin effect (IE) is a key factor regulating β cell functional response and affecting the dynamics of insulin secretion (1). The main actors in the IE are the incretin hormones GIP and GLP-1, which are secreted by specialized enteroendocrine cells in response to glucose, amino acids, and lipids. It is well known that the IE is greatly reduced in type 2 diabetes (T2D), albeit with considerable variability (2). However, longitudinal studies investigating the long-term consequences of the impaired IE in individuals without diabetes or those who are prediabetic are still lacking. To identify possible latent impairments in the IE that could begin in the nondiabetic state, we conducted a study using acute surgical removal of β cell mass as a surrogate model of the β cell loss occurring during the natural history of T2D. 35 individuals without diabetes scheduled for pancreatoduodenectomy underwent an in-depth metabolic evaluation before and after surgery (Supplemental Methods and Supplemental Figure 2; supplemental material available online with this article; https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.175133DS1). Based on postsurgical OGTT-derived glucose tolerance, we classified the individuals as having normal glucose tolerance (post-NGT) (n = 10), impaired glucose tolerance (post-IGT) (n = 15), or diabetes mellitus (post-DM) after surgery (n = 10). Baseline characteristics of study participants are shown in Supplemental Table 1. Before surgery, study participants had similar […]
2024
Inglese
Di Giuseppe, G., Soldovieri, L., Ciccarelli, G., Ferraro, P. M., Quero, G., Cinti, F., Capece, U., Moffa, S., Nista, E. C., Gasbarrini, A., Mari, A., Alfieri, S., Tondolo, V., Pontecorvi, A., Holst, J. J., Giaccari, A., Mezza, T., Reduced incretin effect precedes diabetes development following duodenopancreatectomy in individuals without diabetes, <<THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION>>, 2024; 134 (8): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1172/JCI175133] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/274522]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/274522
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