Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is known to be highly effective in patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection (rCDI), but its role in patients who also suffer from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unclear. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of FMT for the treatment of rCDI in patients with IBD.We searched the available literature until November 22, 2022 to identify studies that included patients with IBD treated with FMT for rCDI, reporting efficacy outcomes after at least 8 weeks of follow-up. The proportional effect of FMT was summarized with a generalized linear mixed-effect model fitting a logistic regression accounting for different intercepts among studies.We identified 15 eligible studies, containing 777 patients. Overall, FMT achieved high cure rates of rCDI, 81% for single FMT, based on all included studies and patients, and 92% for overall FMT, based on nine studies with 354 patients, respectively. We found a significant advantage of overall FMT over single FMT in improving cure rates of rCDI (from 80% to 92%, p = 0.0015). Serious adverse events were observed in 91 patients (12% of the overall population), with the most common being hospitalisation, IBD-related surgery, or IBD flare. In conclusion, in our meta-analysis FMT achieved high cure rates of rCDI in patients with IBD, with a significant advantage of overall FMT over single FMT, similar to data observed in patients without IBD. Our findings support the use of FMT as a treatment for rCDI in patients with IBD.

Porcari, S., Baunwall, S. M. D., Occhionero, A. S., Ingrosso, M. R., Ford, A. C., Hvas, C. L., Gasbarrini, A., Cammarota, G., Ianiro, G., Fecal microbiota transplantation for recurrent C. difficile infection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis, <<JOURNAL OF AUTOIMMUNITY>>, 2023; 141 (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.jaut.2023.103036] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/273346]

Fecal microbiota transplantation for recurrent C. difficile infection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Porcari, Serena;Ingrosso, Maria Rosa;Gasbarrini, Antonio;Cammarota, Giovanni;Ianiro, Gianluca
2023

Abstract

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is known to be highly effective in patients with recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection (rCDI), but its role in patients who also suffer from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unclear. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of FMT for the treatment of rCDI in patients with IBD.We searched the available literature until November 22, 2022 to identify studies that included patients with IBD treated with FMT for rCDI, reporting efficacy outcomes after at least 8 weeks of follow-up. The proportional effect of FMT was summarized with a generalized linear mixed-effect model fitting a logistic regression accounting for different intercepts among studies.We identified 15 eligible studies, containing 777 patients. Overall, FMT achieved high cure rates of rCDI, 81% for single FMT, based on all included studies and patients, and 92% for overall FMT, based on nine studies with 354 patients, respectively. We found a significant advantage of overall FMT over single FMT in improving cure rates of rCDI (from 80% to 92%, p = 0.0015). Serious adverse events were observed in 91 patients (12% of the overall population), with the most common being hospitalisation, IBD-related surgery, or IBD flare. In conclusion, in our meta-analysis FMT achieved high cure rates of rCDI in patients with IBD, with a significant advantage of overall FMT over single FMT, similar to data observed in patients without IBD. Our findings support the use of FMT as a treatment for rCDI in patients with IBD.
2023
Inglese
Porcari, S., Baunwall, S. M. D., Occhionero, A. S., Ingrosso, M. R., Ford, A. C., Hvas, C. L., Gasbarrini, A., Cammarota, G., Ianiro, G., Fecal microbiota transplantation for recurrent C. difficile infection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis, <<JOURNAL OF AUTOIMMUNITY>>, 2023; 141 (N/A): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1016/j.jaut.2023.103036] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/273346]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Fecal microbiota transplantation for recurrent C. difficile infection in patients with inflammatory bowel disease A systematic review and meta-analysis.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia file ?: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 2.16 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.16 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/273346
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact