Down syndrome (DS), a complex genetic disorder caused by chromosome 21 trisomy, is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction leading to the accumulation of damaged mitochondria. Here we report that mitophagy, a form of selective autophagy activated to clear damaged mitochondria is de!cient in primary human !broblasts derived from individuals with DS leading to accumulation of damaged mitochondria with consequent increases in oxidative stress. We identi!ed two molecular bases for this mitophagy de!ciency: PINK1/PARKIN impairment and abnormal suppression of macroautophagy. First, strongly downregulated PARKIN and the mitophagic adaptor protein SQSTM1/p62 delays PINK1 activation to impair mitophagy induction after mitochondrial depolarization by CCCP or antimycin A plus oligomycin. Secondly, mTOR is strongly hyper-activated, which globally suppresses macroautophagy induction and the transcriptional expression of proteins critical for autophagosome formation such as ATG7, ATG3 and FOXO1. Notably, inhibition of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and complex 2 (mTORC2) using AZD8055 (AZD) restores autophagy "ux, PARKIN/PINK initiation of mitophagy, and the clearance of damaged mitochondria by mitophagy. These results recommend mTORC1-mTORC2 inhibition as a promising candidate therapeutic strategy for Down Syndrome.

Bordi, M., Darji, S., Sato, Y., Mellén, M., Berg, M. J., Kumar, A., Jiang, Y., Nixon, R. A., mTOR hyperactivation in Down Syndrome underlies deficits in autophagy induction, autophagosome formation, and mitophagy, <<CELL DEATH & DISEASE>>, 2019; 10 (8): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1038/s41419-019-1752-5] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/272902]

mTOR hyperactivation in Down Syndrome underlies deficits in autophagy induction, autophagosome formation, and mitophagy

Bordi, Matteo
;
2019

Abstract

Down syndrome (DS), a complex genetic disorder caused by chromosome 21 trisomy, is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction leading to the accumulation of damaged mitochondria. Here we report that mitophagy, a form of selective autophagy activated to clear damaged mitochondria is de!cient in primary human !broblasts derived from individuals with DS leading to accumulation of damaged mitochondria with consequent increases in oxidative stress. We identi!ed two molecular bases for this mitophagy de!ciency: PINK1/PARKIN impairment and abnormal suppression of macroautophagy. First, strongly downregulated PARKIN and the mitophagic adaptor protein SQSTM1/p62 delays PINK1 activation to impair mitophagy induction after mitochondrial depolarization by CCCP or antimycin A plus oligomycin. Secondly, mTOR is strongly hyper-activated, which globally suppresses macroautophagy induction and the transcriptional expression of proteins critical for autophagosome formation such as ATG7, ATG3 and FOXO1. Notably, inhibition of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) and complex 2 (mTORC2) using AZD8055 (AZD) restores autophagy "ux, PARKIN/PINK initiation of mitophagy, and the clearance of damaged mitochondria by mitophagy. These results recommend mTORC1-mTORC2 inhibition as a promising candidate therapeutic strategy for Down Syndrome.
2019
Inglese
Bordi, M., Darji, S., Sato, Y., Mellén, M., Berg, M. J., Kumar, A., Jiang, Y., Nixon, R. A., mTOR hyperactivation in Down Syndrome underlies deficits in autophagy induction, autophagosome formation, and mitophagy, <<CELL DEATH & DISEASE>>, 2019; 10 (8): N/A-N/A. [doi:10.1038/s41419-019-1752-5] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/272902]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/272902
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