Background We aimed to define the capability of three different publicly available large language models, Chat Generative Pretrained Transformer (ChatGPT-3.5), ChatGPT-4 and Google Gemini in analysing retinal detachment cases and suggesting the best possible surgical planning.Methods Analysis of 54 retinal detachments records entered into ChatGPT and Gemini's interfaces. After asking 'Specify what kind of surgical planning you would suggest and the eventual intraocular tamponade.' and collecting the given answers, we assessed the level of agreement with the common opinion of three expert vitreoretinal surgeons. Moreover, ChatGPT and Gemini answers were graded 1-5 (from poor to excellent quality), according to the Global Quality Score (GQS).Results After excluding 4 controversial cases, 50 cases were included. Overall, ChatGPT-3.5, ChatGPT-4 and Google Gemini surgical choices agreed with those of vitreoretinal surgeons in 40/50 (80%), 42/50 (84%) and 35/50 (70%) of cases. Google Gemini was not able to respond in five cases. Contingency analysis showed significant differences between ChatGPT-4 and Gemini (p=0.03). ChatGPT's GQS were 3.9 +/- 0.8 and 4.2 +/- 0.7 for versions 3.5 and 4, while Gemini scored 3.5 +/- 1.1. There was no statistical difference between the two ChatGPTs (p=0.22), while both outperformed Gemini scores (p=0.03 and p=0.002, respectively). The main source of error was endotamponade choice (14% for ChatGPT-3.5 and 4, and 12% for Google Gemini). Only ChatGPT-4 was able to suggest a combined phacovitrectomy approach.Conclusion In conclusion, Google Gemini and ChatGPT evaluated vitreoretinal patients' records in a coherent manner, showing a good level of agreement with expert surgeons. According to the GQS, ChatGPT's recommendations were much more accurate and precise.

Carlà, M. M., Gambini, G., Baldascino, A., Giannuzzi, F., Boselli, F., Crincoli, E., D'Onofrio, N. C., Rizzo, S., Exploring AI-chatbots’ capability to suggest surgical planning in ophthalmology: ChatGPT versus Google Gemini analysis of retinal detachment cases, <<BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY>>, 2023; 2024 (2023): 1-13. [doi:10.1136/bjo-2023-325143] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/272715]

Exploring AI-chatbots’ capability to suggest surgical planning in ophthalmology: ChatGPT versus Google Gemini analysis of retinal detachment cases

Gambini, Gloria;Baldascino, Antonio;Giannuzzi, Federico;Boselli, Francesco;D'Onofrio, Nicola Claudio;Rizzo, Stanislao
2024

Abstract

Background We aimed to define the capability of three different publicly available large language models, Chat Generative Pretrained Transformer (ChatGPT-3.5), ChatGPT-4 and Google Gemini in analysing retinal detachment cases and suggesting the best possible surgical planning.Methods Analysis of 54 retinal detachments records entered into ChatGPT and Gemini's interfaces. After asking 'Specify what kind of surgical planning you would suggest and the eventual intraocular tamponade.' and collecting the given answers, we assessed the level of agreement with the common opinion of three expert vitreoretinal surgeons. Moreover, ChatGPT and Gemini answers were graded 1-5 (from poor to excellent quality), according to the Global Quality Score (GQS).Results After excluding 4 controversial cases, 50 cases were included. Overall, ChatGPT-3.5, ChatGPT-4 and Google Gemini surgical choices agreed with those of vitreoretinal surgeons in 40/50 (80%), 42/50 (84%) and 35/50 (70%) of cases. Google Gemini was not able to respond in five cases. Contingency analysis showed significant differences between ChatGPT-4 and Gemini (p=0.03). ChatGPT's GQS were 3.9 +/- 0.8 and 4.2 +/- 0.7 for versions 3.5 and 4, while Gemini scored 3.5 +/- 1.1. There was no statistical difference between the two ChatGPTs (p=0.22), while both outperformed Gemini scores (p=0.03 and p=0.002, respectively). The main source of error was endotamponade choice (14% for ChatGPT-3.5 and 4, and 12% for Google Gemini). Only ChatGPT-4 was able to suggest a combined phacovitrectomy approach.Conclusion In conclusion, Google Gemini and ChatGPT evaluated vitreoretinal patients' records in a coherent manner, showing a good level of agreement with expert surgeons. According to the GQS, ChatGPT's recommendations were much more accurate and precise.
2024
Inglese
Carlà, M. M., Gambini, G., Baldascino, A., Giannuzzi, F., Boselli, F., Crincoli, E., D'Onofrio, N. C., Rizzo, S., Exploring AI-chatbots’ capability to suggest surgical planning in ophthalmology: ChatGPT versus Google Gemini analysis of retinal detachment cases, <<BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY>>, 2023; 2024 (2023): 1-13. [doi:10.1136/bjo-2023-325143] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/272715]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/272715
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