Introduction: Endometrial cancer (EC) is the only gynecologic malignancy showing increasing trends in incidence and mortality. While standard treatment has been effective primarily for early-stage EC, precision medicine with tailored therapy has revolutionized the management of this disease. Genome sequencing analyses have identified four sub-types of EC. Treatments for primary and metastatic disease can now be tailored more accurately to achieve better oncologic results. Areas covered: This review provides an overview of the most relevant and updated evidence in the literature regarding EC molecular analysis and its role in risk classification, prognostication, and guidance for tailored and target therapies in early and advanced/metastatic stages. In addition, it provides updated information on optimal surgical management based on molecular classification and highlights key advances and future strategies. Expert opinion: EC molecular analysis yields the potential of tailoring adjuvant treatment by escalating or deescalating therapy, as shown for POLE-mutated and p53-mutated tumors. Moreover, the expression of specific molecular signatures offers the possibility to employ novel target therapies, such as immune-checkpoint inhibitors that have demonstrated a significant benefit on prognosis. New treatment guidelines are still being established, and ongoing studies are exploring the potential prognostic role of further sub-stratifications of the four molecular classes and treatment options.

Bruchim, I., Capasso, I., Polonsky, A., Meisel, S., Salutari, V., Werner, H., Lorusso, D., Scambia, G., Fanfani, F., New therapeutic targets for endometrial cancer: a glimpse into the preclinical sphere, <<EXPERT OPINION ON THERAPEUTIC TARGETS>>, 2024; 28 (1-2): 29-43. [doi:10.1080/14728222.2024.2316739] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/272540]

New therapeutic targets for endometrial cancer: a glimpse into the preclinical sphere

Capasso, Ilaria;Scambia, Giovanni;Fanfani, Francesco
2024

Abstract

Introduction: Endometrial cancer (EC) is the only gynecologic malignancy showing increasing trends in incidence and mortality. While standard treatment has been effective primarily for early-stage EC, precision medicine with tailored therapy has revolutionized the management of this disease. Genome sequencing analyses have identified four sub-types of EC. Treatments for primary and metastatic disease can now be tailored more accurately to achieve better oncologic results. Areas covered: This review provides an overview of the most relevant and updated evidence in the literature regarding EC molecular analysis and its role in risk classification, prognostication, and guidance for tailored and target therapies in early and advanced/metastatic stages. In addition, it provides updated information on optimal surgical management based on molecular classification and highlights key advances and future strategies. Expert opinion: EC molecular analysis yields the potential of tailoring adjuvant treatment by escalating or deescalating therapy, as shown for POLE-mutated and p53-mutated tumors. Moreover, the expression of specific molecular signatures offers the possibility to employ novel target therapies, such as immune-checkpoint inhibitors that have demonstrated a significant benefit on prognosis. New treatment guidelines are still being established, and ongoing studies are exploring the potential prognostic role of further sub-stratifications of the four molecular classes and treatment options.
2024
Inglese
Bruchim, I., Capasso, I., Polonsky, A., Meisel, S., Salutari, V., Werner, H., Lorusso, D., Scambia, G., Fanfani, F., New therapeutic targets for endometrial cancer: a glimpse into the preclinical sphere, <<EXPERT OPINION ON THERAPEUTIC TARGETS>>, 2024; 28 (1-2): 29-43. [doi:10.1080/14728222.2024.2316739] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/272540]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/272540
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