IntroductionGender dysphoria (GD) is characterized by the incongruence between one's experienced and expressed gender and assigned-sex-at-birth; it is associated with clinically significant distress. In recent years, the number of young patients diagnosed with GD has increased considerably. Recent studies reported that GD adolescents present behavioural and emotional problems and internalizing problems. Furthermore, this population shows a prevalence of psychiatric symptoms, like depression and anxiety. Several studies showed high rates of suicidal and non-suicidal self-injurious thoughts and behaviour in GD adolescents. To increase understanding of overall mental health status and potential risks of young people with GD, this systematic review focused on risk of suicide and self-harm gestures.MethodsWe followed the PRISMA 2020 statement, collecting empirical studies from four electronic databases, i.e., PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, and Web of Science.ResultsTwenty-one studies on GD and gender nonconforming identity, suicidality, and self-harm in adolescents and young adults met inclusion criteria. Results showed that GD adolescents have more suicidal ideation, life-threatening behaviour, self-injurious thoughts or self-harm than their cisgender peers. Assessment methods were heterogeneous.ConclusionA standardised assessment is needed. Understanding the mental health status of transgender young people could help develop and provide effective clinical pathways and interventions.

Marconi, E., Monti, L., Marfoli, A., Kotzalidis, G. D., Janiri, D., Cianfriglia, C., Moriconi, F., Costa, S., Veredice, C., Sani, G., Chieffo, D. P. R., A systematic review on gender dysphoria in adolescents and young adults: focus on suicidal and self-harming ideation and behaviours, <<CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY AND MENTAL HEALTH>>, 2023; 17 (1): 1-20. [doi:10.1186/s13034-023-00654-3] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/271218]

A systematic review on gender dysphoria in adolescents and young adults: focus on suicidal and self-harming ideation and behaviours

Marconi, Elisa;Monti, Laura;Janiri, Delfina;Moriconi, Federica;Veredice, Chiara;Sani, Gabriele;Chieffo, Daniela Pia Rosaria
2023

Abstract

IntroductionGender dysphoria (GD) is characterized by the incongruence between one's experienced and expressed gender and assigned-sex-at-birth; it is associated with clinically significant distress. In recent years, the number of young patients diagnosed with GD has increased considerably. Recent studies reported that GD adolescents present behavioural and emotional problems and internalizing problems. Furthermore, this population shows a prevalence of psychiatric symptoms, like depression and anxiety. Several studies showed high rates of suicidal and non-suicidal self-injurious thoughts and behaviour in GD adolescents. To increase understanding of overall mental health status and potential risks of young people with GD, this systematic review focused on risk of suicide and self-harm gestures.MethodsWe followed the PRISMA 2020 statement, collecting empirical studies from four electronic databases, i.e., PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, and Web of Science.ResultsTwenty-one studies on GD and gender nonconforming identity, suicidality, and self-harm in adolescents and young adults met inclusion criteria. Results showed that GD adolescents have more suicidal ideation, life-threatening behaviour, self-injurious thoughts or self-harm than their cisgender peers. Assessment methods were heterogeneous.ConclusionA standardised assessment is needed. Understanding the mental health status of transgender young people could help develop and provide effective clinical pathways and interventions.
2023
Inglese
Marconi, E., Monti, L., Marfoli, A., Kotzalidis, G. D., Janiri, D., Cianfriglia, C., Moriconi, F., Costa, S., Veredice, C., Sani, G., Chieffo, D. P. R., A systematic review on gender dysphoria in adolescents and young adults: focus on suicidal and self-harming ideation and behaviours, <<CHILD AND ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY AND MENTAL HEALTH>>, 2023; 17 (1): 1-20. [doi:10.1186/s13034-023-00654-3] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/271218]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/271218
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