Vaccine immunogenicity still represents an unmet need in specific populations, such as people from developing countries and “edge populations”. Both intrinsic and extrinsic factors, such as the environment, age, and dietary habits, influence cellular and humoral immune responses. The human microbiota represents a potential key to understanding how these factors impact the immune response to vaccination, with its modulation being a potential step to address vaccine immunogenicity. The aim of this narrative review is to explore the intricate interactions between the microbiota and the immune system in response to vaccines, highlighting the state of the art in gut microbiota modulation as a novel therapeutic approach to enhancing vaccine immunogenicity and laying the foundation for future, more solid data for its translation to the clinical practice.

Ponziani, F. R., Coppola, G., Rio, P., Caldarelli, M., Borriello, R., Gambassi, G., Gasbarrini, A., Cianci, R., Factors Influencing Microbiota in Modulating Vaccine Immune Response: A Long Way to Go, <<VACCINES>>, 2023; 11 (10): 1-20. [doi:10.3390/vaccines11101609] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/270596]

Factors Influencing Microbiota in Modulating Vaccine Immune Response: A Long Way to Go

Ponziani, Francesca Romana
Primo
;
Coppola, Gaetano
Secondo
;
Rio, Pierluigi;Borriello, Raffaele;Gambassi, Giovanni;Gasbarrini, Antonio
Penultimo
;
Cianci, Rossella
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Vaccine immunogenicity still represents an unmet need in specific populations, such as people from developing countries and “edge populations”. Both intrinsic and extrinsic factors, such as the environment, age, and dietary habits, influence cellular and humoral immune responses. The human microbiota represents a potential key to understanding how these factors impact the immune response to vaccination, with its modulation being a potential step to address vaccine immunogenicity. The aim of this narrative review is to explore the intricate interactions between the microbiota and the immune system in response to vaccines, highlighting the state of the art in gut microbiota modulation as a novel therapeutic approach to enhancing vaccine immunogenicity and laying the foundation for future, more solid data for its translation to the clinical practice.
2023
Inglese
Ponziani, F. R., Coppola, G., Rio, P., Caldarelli, M., Borriello, R., Gambassi, G., Gasbarrini, A., Cianci, R., Factors Influencing Microbiota in Modulating Vaccine Immune Response: A Long Way to Go, <<VACCINES>>, 2023; 11 (10): 1-20. [doi:10.3390/vaccines11101609] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/270596]
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