Objectives. The medium-term effects of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on nasal cavity (NC) and upper airway (UA) dimensions based on chronological age are still unclear. This retrospective study evaluated the medium-term changes occurring in the NC and pharyngeal airways (PA) after RME in two distinct age-based cohorts. Methods. This retrospective study included 48 subjects who underwent RME grouped in two cohorts: a 6-9-year-old group (EEG group: early expansion group - 25 subjects) and an 11-14-year-old group (LEG group: late expansion group - 23 subjects). NC and PA volumes were analyzed from CBCT imaging segmentation before RME (T0) and twelve months after RME (T1). The amount of maxillary expansion (PW) and minimal crosssectional area (CSmin) were also considered. Results. All PAs’ volumetric sub-regions, CSmin and PW showed a significant volumetric increment (p<0.05). Inter-group comparisons showed significant differences (p<0.05) for nasopharynx and CSmin parameters (p<0.05), while no significant changes were recorded for the other UA’s subregions and PW (p>0.05). According to a deviation analysis, part of the UA increase (more marked for the nasopharynx area) may have occurred due to reduced adenotonsillar tissues, which were larger in the EEG group. Conclusions. Twelve months after treatment, clinicians should not expect changes in the UAs dimensions to be solely related to treatment effects of RME; instead, normal craniofacial growth changes and spontaneous regression of the adenotonsillar tissue could represent the most significant factors influencing UAs changes. Clinical Significance. From the clinical perspective, the results of the present study encourage caution when considering the therapeutic effects of RME on airways dimensions.

Ronsivalle, V., Leonardi, R., Lagravere, M., Flore Mir, C., Grippaudo, C., Alessandri Bonetti, G., Lo Giudice, A., MEDIUM-TERM EFFECTS OF RAPID MAXILLARY EXPANSION ON NASAL CAVITY AND PHARYNGEAL AIRWAY VOLUMES CONSIDERING AGE AS A FACTOR: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY, <<JOURNAL OF DENTISTRY>>, 2024; 2024 (mar. 8): 1-30. [doi:10.1016/j.jdent.2024.104934] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/268195]

MEDIUM-TERM EFFECTS OF RAPID MAXILLARY EXPANSION ON NASAL CAVITY AND PHARYNGEAL AIRWAY VOLUMES CONSIDERING AGE AS A FACTOR: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Grippaudo, Cristina;
2024

Abstract

Objectives. The medium-term effects of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on nasal cavity (NC) and upper airway (UA) dimensions based on chronological age are still unclear. This retrospective study evaluated the medium-term changes occurring in the NC and pharyngeal airways (PA) after RME in two distinct age-based cohorts. Methods. This retrospective study included 48 subjects who underwent RME grouped in two cohorts: a 6-9-year-old group (EEG group: early expansion group - 25 subjects) and an 11-14-year-old group (LEG group: late expansion group - 23 subjects). NC and PA volumes were analyzed from CBCT imaging segmentation before RME (T0) and twelve months after RME (T1). The amount of maxillary expansion (PW) and minimal crosssectional area (CSmin) were also considered. Results. All PAs’ volumetric sub-regions, CSmin and PW showed a significant volumetric increment (p<0.05). Inter-group comparisons showed significant differences (p<0.05) for nasopharynx and CSmin parameters (p<0.05), while no significant changes were recorded for the other UA’s subregions and PW (p>0.05). According to a deviation analysis, part of the UA increase (more marked for the nasopharynx area) may have occurred due to reduced adenotonsillar tissues, which were larger in the EEG group. Conclusions. Twelve months after treatment, clinicians should not expect changes in the UAs dimensions to be solely related to treatment effects of RME; instead, normal craniofacial growth changes and spontaneous regression of the adenotonsillar tissue could represent the most significant factors influencing UAs changes. Clinical Significance. From the clinical perspective, the results of the present study encourage caution when considering the therapeutic effects of RME on airways dimensions.
2024
Inglese
Ronsivalle, V., Leonardi, R., Lagravere, M., Flore Mir, C., Grippaudo, C., Alessandri Bonetti, G., Lo Giudice, A., MEDIUM-TERM EFFECTS OF RAPID MAXILLARY EXPANSION ON NASAL CAVITY AND PHARYNGEAL AIRWAY VOLUMES CONSIDERING AGE AS A FACTOR: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY, <<JOURNAL OF DENTISTRY>>, 2024; 2024 (mar. 8): 1-30. [doi:10.1016/j.jdent.2024.104934] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/268195]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/268195
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