: Leukemia relapse is a major cause of treatment failure for patients with acute leukemia given allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). This study evaluated whether a reduction of the dosage of cyclosporine-A (Cs-A) used for graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis could reduce relapse rate (RR) in children with acute leukemia given BMT. Fifty-nine children who had transplantation from HLA-identical siblings were randomized to receive Cs-A intravenously at a dosage of 1 mg/kg/d (Cs-A1) or of 3 mg/kg/d (Cs-A3) until patients were able to tolerate oral intake. Subsequently, both groups received Cs-A orally at a dosage of 6 mg/kg/d, with discontinuation 5 months after BMT. The probability of developing grade II-IV acute GVHD was 57% for the Cs-A1 group versus 38% for the Cs-A3 group (P =.06); the probability of developing chronic GVHD was 30% for the Cs-A1 group and 26% for the Cs-A3 group (P = NS). Three patients died of grade IV acute GVHD: 2 were in the Cs-A1 and the third in the Cs-A3 group. The RR was 15% for the Cs-A1 group and 41% for the Cs-A3 group (P =.034); 1-year transplant-related mortality estimates were 17% and 7%, respectively (P = NS). With a median observation time of 44 months from BMT, the 5-year event-free survival for children belonging to Cs-A1 and Cs-A3 groups was 70% and 51%, respectively (P =.15). Our data demonstrate that the use of low Cs-A doses is associated with a statistically significant reduction of leukemia relapse, probably due to an increased graft versus leukemia effect. (Blood. 2000;95:1572-1579)

Locatelli, F., Zecca, M., Rondelli, R., Bonetti, F., Dini, G., Prete, A., Messina, C., Uderzo, C., Ripaldi, M., Porta, F., Giorgiani, G., Giraldi, E., Pession, A., Graft versus host disease prophylaxis with low-dose cyclosporine-A reduces the risk of relapse in children with acute leukemia given HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplantation: results of a randomized trial, <<BLOOD>>, 2000; 95 (5): 1572-1579 [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/263658]

Graft versus host disease prophylaxis with low-dose cyclosporine-A reduces the risk of relapse in children with acute leukemia given HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplantation: results of a randomized trial

Locatelli, Franco;
2000

Abstract

: Leukemia relapse is a major cause of treatment failure for patients with acute leukemia given allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). This study evaluated whether a reduction of the dosage of cyclosporine-A (Cs-A) used for graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis could reduce relapse rate (RR) in children with acute leukemia given BMT. Fifty-nine children who had transplantation from HLA-identical siblings were randomized to receive Cs-A intravenously at a dosage of 1 mg/kg/d (Cs-A1) or of 3 mg/kg/d (Cs-A3) until patients were able to tolerate oral intake. Subsequently, both groups received Cs-A orally at a dosage of 6 mg/kg/d, with discontinuation 5 months after BMT. The probability of developing grade II-IV acute GVHD was 57% for the Cs-A1 group versus 38% for the Cs-A3 group (P =.06); the probability of developing chronic GVHD was 30% for the Cs-A1 group and 26% for the Cs-A3 group (P = NS). Three patients died of grade IV acute GVHD: 2 were in the Cs-A1 and the third in the Cs-A3 group. The RR was 15% for the Cs-A1 group and 41% for the Cs-A3 group (P =.034); 1-year transplant-related mortality estimates were 17% and 7%, respectively (P = NS). With a median observation time of 44 months from BMT, the 5-year event-free survival for children belonging to Cs-A1 and Cs-A3 groups was 70% and 51%, respectively (P =.15). Our data demonstrate that the use of low Cs-A doses is associated with a statistically significant reduction of leukemia relapse, probably due to an increased graft versus leukemia effect. (Blood. 2000;95:1572-1579)
2000
Inglese
Locatelli, F., Zecca, M., Rondelli, R., Bonetti, F., Dini, G., Prete, A., Messina, C., Uderzo, C., Ripaldi, M., Porta, F., Giorgiani, G., Giraldi, E., Pession, A., Graft versus host disease prophylaxis with low-dose cyclosporine-A reduces the risk of relapse in children with acute leukemia given HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplantation: results of a randomized trial, <<BLOOD>>, 2000; 95 (5): 1572-1579 [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/263658]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/263658
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