The cessation of lactation (i.e., dry-off) in dairy cattle is an area of research that has received much focus in recent years. The dry period is necessary to optimize tissue remodeling of the mammary gland, but repre-sents a stressful event, incorporating several changes in daily routine, diet, and metabolism. Moreover, the high milk yields achieved by modern cows in late gestation exacerbate the need for relevant manipulations in the days around dry-off, as excessive accumulation of milk might jeopardize the success of the dry period, with potential negative effects on future lactation. Produc-tion levels over 15 kg/d are an additional risk factor for udder health, delay mammary involution, and worsen metabolic stress and inflammatory responses. Furthermore, the pressure to reduce antibiotic usage in farm animals has resulted in increased attention on the dry period, given that historically most dairy cattle were provided prophylactic intramammary antibiotic treatment at dry-off as a means to reduce the risk of intramammary infections in the subsequent lactation. Several strategies have been proposed over the years to cope with these challenges, aiming to gradually reduce milk yield before dry-off, promoting at the same time the start of mammary involution. Among them, the most common are based on feed or nutrient restric-tion, a decrease in milking frequency, or administration of prolactin inhibitors. These practices have differ-ent capacities to reduce milk yield through different mechanisms and entail several implications for udder health, animal welfare, behavior, endocrine status, metabolism, and inflammatory conditions. The present review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the dry-off phase in high-yielding cows and of the impact of high milk production at dry-off, and to describe pos-sible strategies that might be implemented by farmers and veterinarians to optimize this critical phase in an integrated way.

Cattaneo, L., Minuti, A., Dahl, G. E., Trevisi, E., Graduate Student Literature Review: The challenge of drying-off high-yielding dairy cows, <<JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE>>, 2023; 106 (9): 6416-6426. [doi:10.3168/jds.2022-23113] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/258040]

Graduate Student Literature Review: The challenge of drying-off high-yielding dairy cows

Cattaneo, Luca
Primo
;
Minuti, Andrea;Trevisi, Erminio
2023

Abstract

The cessation of lactation (i.e., dry-off) in dairy cattle is an area of research that has received much focus in recent years. The dry period is necessary to optimize tissue remodeling of the mammary gland, but repre-sents a stressful event, incorporating several changes in daily routine, diet, and metabolism. Moreover, the high milk yields achieved by modern cows in late gestation exacerbate the need for relevant manipulations in the days around dry-off, as excessive accumulation of milk might jeopardize the success of the dry period, with potential negative effects on future lactation. Produc-tion levels over 15 kg/d are an additional risk factor for udder health, delay mammary involution, and worsen metabolic stress and inflammatory responses. Furthermore, the pressure to reduce antibiotic usage in farm animals has resulted in increased attention on the dry period, given that historically most dairy cattle were provided prophylactic intramammary antibiotic treatment at dry-off as a means to reduce the risk of intramammary infections in the subsequent lactation. Several strategies have been proposed over the years to cope with these challenges, aiming to gradually reduce milk yield before dry-off, promoting at the same time the start of mammary involution. Among them, the most common are based on feed or nutrient restric-tion, a decrease in milking frequency, or administration of prolactin inhibitors. These practices have differ-ent capacities to reduce milk yield through different mechanisms and entail several implications for udder health, animal welfare, behavior, endocrine status, metabolism, and inflammatory conditions. The present review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the dry-off phase in high-yielding cows and of the impact of high milk production at dry-off, and to describe pos-sible strategies that might be implemented by farmers and veterinarians to optimize this critical phase in an integrated way.
2023
Inglese
Cattaneo, L., Minuti, A., Dahl, G. E., Trevisi, E., Graduate Student Literature Review: The challenge of drying-off high-yielding dairy cows, <<JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE>>, 2023; 106 (9): 6416-6426. [doi:10.3168/jds.2022-23113] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/258040]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/258040
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