Background: Distinguishing inherited thrombocytopenias from immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) can be difficult, and patients are therefore at risk of misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatments. Although it is known that the most common inherited forms of thrombocytopenia are characterized by increased platelet size, the diagnostic power of this feature has never been investigated. Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that platelet size can be used to differentiate ITP from inherited macrothrombocytopenias. Patients/methods: We measured mean platelet volume (MPV) and mean platelet diameter (MPD), within 2 h of blood sampling, in 35 patients with inherited macrothrombocytopenias [15 MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD), three biallelic and 17 monoallelic Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS)], and 56 with ITP. Using receiving operating characteristic analysis, we searched for the best cut-off values to differentiate between these conditions. Results: As expected, platelets were larger in inherited macrothrombocytopenias than in ITP. An MPD larger than 3.3 mu m differentiated MYH9-RD and BSS from ITP with 0.89 sensitivity and 0.88 specificity, and an MPV larger than 12.4 fL had 0.83 sensitivity and 0.89 specificity. Combining MPD with MPV increased sensitivity and specificity to 0.97 and 0.89, respectively. Conclusion: Platelet size evaluation by both an appropriate cell counter and blood film examination is useful for differentiating inherited macrothrombocytopenias from ITP.

Noris, P., Klersy, C., Zecca, M., Arcaini, L., Pecci, A. M., Melazzini, F., Terulla, V., Bozzi, V., Ambaglio, C., Passamonti, F., Locatelli, F., Balduini, C. L., Platelet size distinguishes between inherited macrothrombocytopenias and immune thrombocytopenia, <<JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS>>, 2009; 7 (12): 2131-2136. [doi:10.1111/j.1538-7836.2009.03614.x] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/257655]

Platelet size distinguishes between inherited macrothrombocytopenias and immune thrombocytopenia

Pecci, Anna Maria;Locatelli, Franco;
2009

Abstract

Background: Distinguishing inherited thrombocytopenias from immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) can be difficult, and patients are therefore at risk of misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatments. Although it is known that the most common inherited forms of thrombocytopenia are characterized by increased platelet size, the diagnostic power of this feature has never been investigated. Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that platelet size can be used to differentiate ITP from inherited macrothrombocytopenias. Patients/methods: We measured mean platelet volume (MPV) and mean platelet diameter (MPD), within 2 h of blood sampling, in 35 patients with inherited macrothrombocytopenias [15 MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD), three biallelic and 17 monoallelic Bernard-Soulier syndrome (BSS)], and 56 with ITP. Using receiving operating characteristic analysis, we searched for the best cut-off values to differentiate between these conditions. Results: As expected, platelets were larger in inherited macrothrombocytopenias than in ITP. An MPD larger than 3.3 mu m differentiated MYH9-RD and BSS from ITP with 0.89 sensitivity and 0.88 specificity, and an MPV larger than 12.4 fL had 0.83 sensitivity and 0.89 specificity. Combining MPD with MPV increased sensitivity and specificity to 0.97 and 0.89, respectively. Conclusion: Platelet size evaluation by both an appropriate cell counter and blood film examination is useful for differentiating inherited macrothrombocytopenias from ITP.
2009
Inglese
Noris, P., Klersy, C., Zecca, M., Arcaini, L., Pecci, A. M., Melazzini, F., Terulla, V., Bozzi, V., Ambaglio, C., Passamonti, F., Locatelli, F., Balduini, C. L., Platelet size distinguishes between inherited macrothrombocytopenias and immune thrombocytopenia, <<JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS>>, 2009; 7 (12): 2131-2136. [doi:10.1111/j.1538-7836.2009.03614.x] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/257655]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/257655
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