Transcription-associated cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) regulate the transcription cycle through sequential phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). Herein, we report that dual inhibition of the highly homologous CDK12 and CDK13 impairs splicing of a subset of promoter-proximal introns characterized by weak 3 ' splice sites located at larger distance from the branchpoint. Nascent transcript analysis indicated that these introns are selectively retained upon pharmacological inhibition of CDK12/13 with respect to downstream introns of the same pre-mRNAs. Retention of these introns was also triggered by pladienolide B (PdB), an inhibitor of the U2 small nucelar ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) factor SF3B1 that recognizes the branchpoint. CDK12/13 activity promotes the interaction of SF3B1 with RNAPII phosphorylated on Ser2, and disruption of this interaction by treatment with the CDK12/13 inhibitor THZ531 impairs the association of SF3B1 with chromatin and its recruitment to the 3 ' splice site of these introns. Furthermore, by using suboptimal doses of THZ531 and PdB, we describe a synergic effect of these inhibitors on intron retention, cell cycle progression and cancer cell survival. These findings uncover a mechanism by which CDK12/13 couple RNA transcription and processing, and suggest that combined inhibition of these kinases and the spliceosome represents an exploitable anticancer approach.

Panzeri, V., Pieraccioli, M., Cesari, E., De La Grange, P., Sette, C., CDK12/13 promote splicing of proximal introns by enhancing the interaction between RNA polymerase II and the splicing factor SF3B1, <<NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH>>, 2023; 51 (11): 5512-5526. [doi:10.1093/nar/gkad258] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/255954]

CDK12/13 promote splicing of proximal introns by enhancing the interaction between RNA polymerase II and the splicing factor SF3B1

Panzeri, Valentina
Primo
;
Pieraccioli, Marco
Secondo
;
Cesari, Eleonora
Penultimo
;
Sette, Claudio
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Transcription-associated cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) regulate the transcription cycle through sequential phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). Herein, we report that dual inhibition of the highly homologous CDK12 and CDK13 impairs splicing of a subset of promoter-proximal introns characterized by weak 3 ' splice sites located at larger distance from the branchpoint. Nascent transcript analysis indicated that these introns are selectively retained upon pharmacological inhibition of CDK12/13 with respect to downstream introns of the same pre-mRNAs. Retention of these introns was also triggered by pladienolide B (PdB), an inhibitor of the U2 small nucelar ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) factor SF3B1 that recognizes the branchpoint. CDK12/13 activity promotes the interaction of SF3B1 with RNAPII phosphorylated on Ser2, and disruption of this interaction by treatment with the CDK12/13 inhibitor THZ531 impairs the association of SF3B1 with chromatin and its recruitment to the 3 ' splice site of these introns. Furthermore, by using suboptimal doses of THZ531 and PdB, we describe a synergic effect of these inhibitors on intron retention, cell cycle progression and cancer cell survival. These findings uncover a mechanism by which CDK12/13 couple RNA transcription and processing, and suggest that combined inhibition of these kinases and the spliceosome represents an exploitable anticancer approach.
2023
Inglese
Panzeri, V., Pieraccioli, M., Cesari, E., De La Grange, P., Sette, C., CDK12/13 promote splicing of proximal introns by enhancing the interaction between RNA polymerase II and the splicing factor SF3B1, <<NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH>>, 2023; 51 (11): 5512-5526. [doi:10.1093/nar/gkad258] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/255954]
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