The oral narratives of 240 Italian children aged 3-8 years were analyzed using a new instrument, the Narrative Competence Task (NCT). The data showed a gradual increase in the children's narrative competence in both the macrostructure and the microstructure. Statistically significant differences between preschool-age and school-age children were found on all the variables considered. In addition to increased chronological age, a significant role of cognitive abilities (general non-verbal intelligence and sequential reasoning) and linguistic skills (mean length of utterance and lexical diversity) emerged in explaining the variance in children's narrative macrostructure. Children with superior cognitive and linguistic abilities produced richer narratives characterized by a greater quantity of information, a better structure, and a wider use of mental state lexicon. 2020 Hogrefe Publishing.
Zanchi, P., Zampini, L., The narrative competence task:? A standardized test to assess children's narrative skills, <<EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT>>, 2021; 37 (1): 15-22. [doi:10.1027/1015-5759/a000569] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/250793]