Background: Several studies reported cognitive reserve (CR) as an important factor in promoting healthy aging within a non-clinical aging population. Aims: The main goal of the present study is to investigate the link between higher levels of CR and more effective emotion regulation. In more detail, we examine the association between a number of CR proxies and the habitual use of two emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and emotional suppression. Methods: Three hundred and ten older adults aged between 60 and 75 (mean = 64.45, SD = 4.37; 69.4% female) joined this cross-sectional study by filling out self-report measures of CR and emotion regulation.² Results: Reappraisal and suppression use were correlated. Practicing different leisure activities constantly over many years, being more original and having a higher education promoted more frequent use of cognitive reappraisal. These CR proxies were also significantly related to suppression use, even though the percentage of variance explained was lower. Discussion and conclusions: Exploring the role played by the cognitive reserve on different emotion regulation techniques can be useful in understanding which variables predict the use of antecedent-focused (reappraisal) or response-focused (suppression) emotion regulation strategies in aging individuals.
Colombo, B., Hamilton, A., Telazzi, I., Balzarotti, S., The relationship between cognitive reserve and the spontaneous use of emotion regulation strategies in older adults: a cross-sectional study, <<AGING CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH>>, 2023; 35 (7): 1505-1512. [doi:10.1007/s40520-023-02424-9] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/249876]