Introduction. Recurrent or persistent macular holes (MHs) are rare today due to the tendency to carefully peel the internal limiting membrane. Conversely, their treatment is still a challenge for a vitreoretinal surgeon. Materials and Methods. This is a retrospective, consecutive, and nonrandomized study of patients affected by recurrent or persistent MHs treated using small-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (25- or 23-gauge) and an autologous ILM plug, at the Eye Clinic of Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi (Florence, Italy) between January 2016 and May 2018. We included 8 eyes of 8 patients in the study. Five patients had a recurrent MH while 3 had a persistent MH. The case series includes patients with myopic eyes and with large macular holes (>400 μ). Patients were followed up with ophthalmoscopic examinations and swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Results. The mean age of the patients was 74 years (±4.81 standard deviation (SD)), 3 patients were men and 5 women. The average axial length was 26.28 mm (±2.84 SD). Four patients had an AL ≧ 26 mm. The mean MH diameter was 436.5 (±49.82 SD). Average preoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.81 logMAR (±0.16 SD) and 20/125 Snellen. The ILM plug has been found integrated in the MH in all the follow-ups. Conclusion. In our study, an ILM autologous macular transplant was used successfully in 5 cases of macular hole recurrence and 3 cases of macular hole persistence. The anatomical success was achieved in all the cases; 4 patients improved their BCVA, and 4 patients maintained it. No macular alterations such as RPE or retinal atrophy/dystrophy were observed after 6 months.

Giansanti, F., Tartaro, R., Caporossi, T., Bacherini, D., Savastano, A., Barca, F., Rizzo, S., An Internal Limiting Membrane Plug and Gas Endotamponade for Recurrent or Persistent Macular Hole, <<JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY>>, 2019; 2019 (MARCH): 1-6. [doi:10.1155/2019/6051724] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/247940]

An Internal Limiting Membrane Plug and Gas Endotamponade for Recurrent or Persistent Macular Hole

Caporossi, Tomaso;Bacherini, Daniela;Savastano, Alfonso;Barca, Francesco;Rizzo, Stanislao
2019

Abstract

Introduction. Recurrent or persistent macular holes (MHs) are rare today due to the tendency to carefully peel the internal limiting membrane. Conversely, their treatment is still a challenge for a vitreoretinal surgeon. Materials and Methods. This is a retrospective, consecutive, and nonrandomized study of patients affected by recurrent or persistent MHs treated using small-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (25- or 23-gauge) and an autologous ILM plug, at the Eye Clinic of Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi (Florence, Italy) between January 2016 and May 2018. We included 8 eyes of 8 patients in the study. Five patients had a recurrent MH while 3 had a persistent MH. The case series includes patients with myopic eyes and with large macular holes (>400 μ). Patients were followed up with ophthalmoscopic examinations and swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Results. The mean age of the patients was 74 years (±4.81 standard deviation (SD)), 3 patients were men and 5 women. The average axial length was 26.28 mm (±2.84 SD). Four patients had an AL ≧ 26 mm. The mean MH diameter was 436.5 (±49.82 SD). Average preoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.81 logMAR (±0.16 SD) and 20/125 Snellen. The ILM plug has been found integrated in the MH in all the follow-ups. Conclusion. In our study, an ILM autologous macular transplant was used successfully in 5 cases of macular hole recurrence and 3 cases of macular hole persistence. The anatomical success was achieved in all the cases; 4 patients improved their BCVA, and 4 patients maintained it. No macular alterations such as RPE or retinal atrophy/dystrophy were observed after 6 months.
2019
Inglese
Giansanti, F., Tartaro, R., Caporossi, T., Bacherini, D., Savastano, A., Barca, F., Rizzo, S., An Internal Limiting Membrane Plug and Gas Endotamponade for Recurrent or Persistent Macular Hole, <<JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY>>, 2019; 2019 (MARCH): 1-6. [doi:10.1155/2019/6051724] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/247940]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/247940
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