The effect of individual administration of low doses of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (1 g/kg body weight) on the growth of Morris hepatocarcinoma 3924A transplanted in ACI/T rats was investigated. Both EPA and DHA inhibited growth of the hepatocarcinoma (50% reduction of tumor weight or volume at the 19th day after transplantation for both of the n-3 PUFA groups). EPA treatment reduced the percentage of proliferating tumor cells labeled with BUdR (10-fold), whereas DHA did not. Conversely, DHA supplementation induced a doubling of the number of cells undergoing apoptosis (labeled by TUNEL), whereas EPA treatment was much less effective. Analysis of changes in phospholipid fatty acids in tumor-cell membranes after both treatments with EPA and DHA showed a significant reduction in arachidonic-acid levels. EPA and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), its elongation product, were increased in the phospholipids from EPA-treated animals. DHA and EPA, but not DPA, were increased in the DHA-treated group. It is concluded from the results of the present study that the anti-tumoral effect of EPA is related mainly to its inhibition of cell proliferation, whereas that of DHA corresponds with its induction of apoptosis. The alterations in fatty-acid composition induced by EPA or DHA appear to be factors underlying their differential actions on cell proliferation and apoptosis.

Calviello, G., Palozza, P., Piccioni, E., Maggiano, N. G., Frattucci, A., Franceschelli, P., Bartoli, G., Dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid inhibits growth of Morris hepatocarcinoma 3924A in rats: effects on proliferation and apoptosis, <<INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER>>, 1998; (75): 699-705 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/24263]

Dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid inhibits growth of Morris hepatocarcinoma 3924A in rats: effects on proliferation and apoptosis

Calviello, Gabriella;Palozza, Paola;Piccioni, Elisabetta;Maggiano, Nicola Giuseppe;
1998

Abstract

The effect of individual administration of low doses of highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (1 g/kg body weight) on the growth of Morris hepatocarcinoma 3924A transplanted in ACI/T rats was investigated. Both EPA and DHA inhibited growth of the hepatocarcinoma (50% reduction of tumor weight or volume at the 19th day after transplantation for both of the n-3 PUFA groups). EPA treatment reduced the percentage of proliferating tumor cells labeled with BUdR (10-fold), whereas DHA did not. Conversely, DHA supplementation induced a doubling of the number of cells undergoing apoptosis (labeled by TUNEL), whereas EPA treatment was much less effective. Analysis of changes in phospholipid fatty acids in tumor-cell membranes after both treatments with EPA and DHA showed a significant reduction in arachidonic-acid levels. EPA and docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), its elongation product, were increased in the phospholipids from EPA-treated animals. DHA and EPA, but not DPA, were increased in the DHA-treated group. It is concluded from the results of the present study that the anti-tumoral effect of EPA is related mainly to its inhibition of cell proliferation, whereas that of DHA corresponds with its induction of apoptosis. The alterations in fatty-acid composition induced by EPA or DHA appear to be factors underlying their differential actions on cell proliferation and apoptosis.
eng
Calviello, G., Palozza, P., Piccioni, E., Maggiano, N. G., Frattucci, A., Franceschelli, P., Bartoli, G., Dietary supplementation with eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid inhibits growth of Morris hepatocarcinoma 3924A in rats: effects on proliferation and apoptosis, <>, 1998; (75): 699-705 [http://hdl.handle.net/10807/24263]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10807/24263
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