Background 1.5-8% of older adults live in nursing homes (NHs), presenting a high prevalence of frailty and polypharmacy. Aims To investigate the association of frailty with polypharmacy and drug prescription patterns in a sample of European Nursing Home (NH) residents. Methods Cross-sectional study based on the data from the Services and Health for Elderly in Long TERm care (SHELTER) study. 4121 NH residents in Europe and Israel. Residents' clinical, cognitive, social, and physical status were evaluated with the InterRAI LTCF tool, which allows comprehensive, standardized evaluation of persons living in NH. Polypharmacy and hyperpolypharmacy were defined as the concurrent use of >= 5 and >= 10 medications. Frailty was defined according to the FRAIL-NH scale. Results Of 4121 participants, 46.6% were frail (mean age 84.6 +/- 9.2 years; 76.4% female). Polypharmacy and hyperpolypharmacy were associated with a lower likelihood of frailty (Odds Ratio = 0.72; 95% CI = 0.59-0.87 and OR = 0.75; 95% CI = 0.60-0.94, respectively). Patterns of drug prescriptions were different between frail and non-frail residents. Symptomatic drugs (laxatives, paracetamol, and opioids) were more frequently prescribed among frail residents, while preventive drugs (bisphosphonates, vitamin D, and acetylsalicylic acid) were more frequently prescribed among non-frail residents. Conclusions Frailty is associated with less polypharmacy and with higher prevalence of symptomatic drugs use among NH residents. Further studies are needed to define appropriateness of drug prescription in frail individuals.

Villani, E. R., Vetrano, D. L., Liperoti, R., Palmer, K., Denkinger, M., Van Der Roest, H. G., Bernabei, R., Onder, G., Relationship between frailty and drug use among nursing homes residents: results from the SHELTER study, <<AGING CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH>>, 2021; 33 (10): 2839-2847. [doi:10.1007/s40520-021-01797-z] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/242503]

Relationship between frailty and drug use among nursing homes residents: results from the SHELTER study

Villani, Emanuele Rocco;Liperoti, Rosa;Bernabei, Roberto;Onder, Graziano
2021

Abstract

Background 1.5-8% of older adults live in nursing homes (NHs), presenting a high prevalence of frailty and polypharmacy. Aims To investigate the association of frailty with polypharmacy and drug prescription patterns in a sample of European Nursing Home (NH) residents. Methods Cross-sectional study based on the data from the Services and Health for Elderly in Long TERm care (SHELTER) study. 4121 NH residents in Europe and Israel. Residents' clinical, cognitive, social, and physical status were evaluated with the InterRAI LTCF tool, which allows comprehensive, standardized evaluation of persons living in NH. Polypharmacy and hyperpolypharmacy were defined as the concurrent use of >= 5 and >= 10 medications. Frailty was defined according to the FRAIL-NH scale. Results Of 4121 participants, 46.6% were frail (mean age 84.6 +/- 9.2 years; 76.4% female). Polypharmacy and hyperpolypharmacy were associated with a lower likelihood of frailty (Odds Ratio = 0.72; 95% CI = 0.59-0.87 and OR = 0.75; 95% CI = 0.60-0.94, respectively). Patterns of drug prescriptions were different between frail and non-frail residents. Symptomatic drugs (laxatives, paracetamol, and opioids) were more frequently prescribed among frail residents, while preventive drugs (bisphosphonates, vitamin D, and acetylsalicylic acid) were more frequently prescribed among non-frail residents. Conclusions Frailty is associated with less polypharmacy and with higher prevalence of symptomatic drugs use among NH residents. Further studies are needed to define appropriateness of drug prescription in frail individuals.
2021
Inglese
Villani, E. R., Vetrano, D. L., Liperoti, R., Palmer, K., Denkinger, M., Van Der Roest, H. G., Bernabei, R., Onder, G., Relationship between frailty and drug use among nursing homes residents: results from the SHELTER study, <<AGING CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH>>, 2021; 33 (10): 2839-2847. [doi:10.1007/s40520-021-01797-z] [https://hdl.handle.net/10807/242503]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10807/242503
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